north and south disadvantagis

civil war

north advantages

Northern advantages included population, manufacturing, natural resources, finances, and transportation. Twenty-four northern, western and border states had a population of 23 million, containing 92% of the industry, almost all the sources of coal, iron, copper and gold, most of the railroad lines and merchant marine, and all of the Navy. This naval advantage allowed the North to conduct trade overseas, while simultaneously blockading the South. In contrast, Southern advantages included leadership, outdoorsmanship, tactics, and foreign aid. The eleven states of the Confederacy had a population of 9 million, 3.5 million of which were slaves, but the South had the ablest officers, and the population was used to being outdoors and handling firearms and horses.

south advantages

To stand on the defensive meant that the North had to invade and carry the fight to the South. This allowed the South to prepare and receive the enemy, although Lee was not a passive man by any standards.

The South did not have many advantages, but just like in the American Revolution, it's very difficult to conquer an area. Essentially the South only had to muster the will to keep fighting until the North felt like quitting. That didn't happen, but theoretically it could have.(But it did not, for multiple reasons. Including the lack of previsions, lack in number of men, & a superior navy & rail road system.)
When Southerners said that they merely wanted to secede from the Union they gave themselves a military advantage. Thus the North had to attack.(The North did not attack first, the South did.)
The geography of the South favored the defender over the attacker. In particular, most of the rivers in the South run east to west. Thus as Union forces attempted to move south they had to cross all the rivers and the Confederates could defend them. Also, the fact that the Cenfederacy was simply defending itself meant that the Northern forces had to invade and occupy virtually the entire South before they could claim victory. That was a monumental task.(The North had a 3 part plan to defeat the South. 1) blockade the south 2) split the south using the MR river 3) take control of the capital of the confederates. Geographically speaking, the South was exposed.

causes of the war. north vs. south

In the days of the American Revolution and of the adoption of the Constitution, differences between North and South were dwarfed by their common interest in establishing a new nation. But sectionalism steadily grew stronger. During the 19th century the South remained almost completely agricultural, with an economy and a social order largely founded on slavery and the plantation system. These mutually dependent institutions produced the staples, especially cotton, from which the South derived its wealth. The North had its own great agricultural resources, was always more advanced commercially, and was also expanding industrially.

president at the time

For most of the war it was Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), who proclaimed that the conflict was ultimately intended to "preserve the union" of the United States. Actual hostilities began a month after his inauguration, on April 12, 1861. The major fighting in the War ended just 6 days before Lincoln was assassinated on April 15, 1865. Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee surrendered at Appomattox, VA on April 9. The final shots of the war took place in June, 1865, after Vice President Andrew Johnson (1808-1875) succeeded to the Presidency on Lincoln's death.

military leaders north vs. south

ultsses S. grant, George G. Meade, admiral david farragut, William T. Sherman, George B. Winfield scott, aberaham lincoin.