1990s Challenges and Successes
By: Taylor O'Connell
Foreign- President Bush had a foreign challenge when the country was helping Kuwait fight against Iraq and Iran. If Iraq and Iran had gotten control over the neighboring countries then it would be in charge of 1/5 of the worlds oil supply. Even though the United States were friends with Iraq and Iran before they went to war on Kuwait, they had to keep them from gaining access to most of the worlds oil.
Foreign- "Operation Just Cause" was the successful invasion of Panama by the United States. The United States, when handing over the Panama Canal to Panama, made an agreement that it would be open to the United States for free use -the Torrijos–Carter Treaties-. However, during President Bush's time Panama started declaring war against the U.S. and the 35, 000 citizens living in the country. President Bush wanted to make sure that the U.S. citizens were as safe as they could be and that we as a country would get what we deserved as signed in the legislation. Panama was using the canal for drug trafficking, Bush did not agree with the actions so he decided to overturn the thrown of Manuel Noriega.
Foreign- A year after 18 American troops were killed in a failed 1993 mission to capture a warlord in Somalia, Clinton was hesitant to take action to stop a genocide in Rwanda. While he failed to act, more than half a million Tutsis were murdered. Citizens accused Clinton of appeasement when he gave China Most Favored Nation (MFN) status despite their terrible human rights record and when he granted North Korea concessions in exchange for a promise to discontinue their nuclear weapons program.
Foreign- President Clinton signed the NAFTA agreement which was a pact between the U.S., Mexico, and Canada eliminated all trade tariffs between the three nations. He tried to encourage other countries across the ocean to join as well, however during his Presidency, they did not. The NAFTA agreement still stands today.