Chemistry of life!

Brenna Caramanna <3

Water

Adhesion- water is attracted to other substances.

Cohension- water is attracted to water.

Polarity- water has a simple molecular structure. It is composed of 1 oxygen atom and 2 hydrogen atoms.

Heat Storage- This is the ability to control temperatures enables cells to maintain a constant internal temperature when the external temperature changes drastically.

Ph scale- The Ph scale measures the concentration of hydrogen ions in solutions on a scale between 0-14.

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are energy-providing nutrients. The body receives 4 calories per 1 gram of carbohydrates consumed. Carbohydrates are separated into simple carbohydrates ,sugar complex carbohydrates fiber and starch.


Your body uses carbohydrates to make glucose which is the fuel that gives you energy and helps keep everything going.

Examples: Fruits, vegetables, breads, milk, cereal, and other grains

Macromolecules

A macromolecule is a molecule containing a very large number of atoms.
Examples: Proteins and nucleic acids.


Proteins

Proteins are complex molecules that help your body perform a variety of biological functions. There are five different types of proteins. Those five types are: structural, storage, hormonal, enzyme and immunoglobin proteins.


Lipids

Lipids are a group of naturally molecules that include fats, waxes, sterols, fat-soluble vitamins such as A, D, E, K.


Nucleic acids

Nucleic acids are large biological molecules essential for all known form of life like DNA, RNA, Monomers.