Federal Court System
By Stephanie Dingle
Judicial Branch- District Courts
All cases must be first held here.
The District Court has original jurisdiction meaning the authority to hear the case for the first time.
U.S. Attorney's represent the prosecution in every case of the District Court.
U.S. Marshall's make arrests, collect fines and take convicted person's to prison, protect jurors, keep order in court and serve papers.
Every case sets a precedent for future cases.
Other types of Judges that are a little part of the District Courts are the Magistrate Judges which handle routine work such as issue warrants.
Judicial Branch- Appeal Courts
There are 3 decisions:
- Uphold- keep the original decision
- Overturn- reverse the decision
-Remand- send it back to the lower court to be tried again.
Judicial Branch- Supreme Court
There are 9 Supreme Court Justices, each one of them was nominated by the President and elected by the Senate, being a justice is a big deal because it's a life term.
In the Supreme Court, they take between 75-80 cases a year, with each making the justices interpret the Constitutions to their opinions.