US History World War I Timeline

Nationalism and Imperialism 1700's and 1800's

>In the 1700's and 1800's imperialism was how European powers built empires.

For years the Ottoman Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire had ruled the Balkans.

>By the late 1800's nationalism had become a powerful idea in Europe.

>In the 1800,s nationalism led to a crisis in the Balkan region of southeastern Europe.

Alliances In 1870

In 1870, as part of its plan to unify Germany, Prussia forced France to give up territory along the German border.
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Franco-Russian alliance - 1894

The two nations promised to come to each other's aid in war against the triple alliance

MilitarismIn In 1898 & the early 1900s,

  1. In 1898 Germany began building a large modern navy. The buildup threatened the British, who rushed to build warships.
  2. By the early 1900s, Britain and Germany were engaged in an arms race.

Nationalism and Imperialism 1908

In 1908 Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia, which had belonged to the Ottoman Empire, outraging the Serbs. .

The Lusitania May 7, 1915 & January 1917

May 7, 1915 a U-Boat sunk the British passenger liner the Lusitania.

January 1917 - Arthur Zimmerman sent a telegram to the German ambassador in Mexico.

Volunteers and Conscripts in 1917

in 1917, the army and the National Guard together had slightly more than 200,000 troops. Many men quickly volunteered, but many more were still needed.

Trench Warfare Spring of 1917

•By Spring of 1917, WW1 devastated Europe

•Many Americans believed that their troops would make a difference and quickly bring the war to an end

•Early offensive demonstrated that warfare had changed. Powerful artillery guns placed far behind the front lines hurled huge explosive shells onto the battlefield ◦More people killed by artillery fire than any other weapon

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Russia leaves the war March & Nov 1917

March 1917, riots broke out in Russia causing czar Nicholas II to abdicate his throne, beginning the Russian Revolution

•Vladimir Lenin's Bolshevik Party seized power and established a Communist gvt in Nov 1917

Americans Enter Combat July 4, 1917

AEF(american expedition force) arrives in Paris
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Germany last offensive March 21, 1918

Germans launch a massive gas attack and artillery bombardments along the western front.

Battle of the Argonne Forest Sept 26, 1918

Known as most massive offensive of AEF that was launched in the region between the Muse River and the Argon Forest.

The War Ends Oct 1918

Oct 1918 Poland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia declared independence.
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By Early Nov 1918

By Early Nov, gvt of Austro empire and Ottoman empire surrendered to allies.

On Nov 9, Germany became a republic because they had a bunch of riots and the Kaiser fled to Poland.

2days later the gvt signed an arm assists. Then Nov 11th, 1918 the fighting stopped

Jan 1919

delegates from 27 countries traveled to the peace conference at the Palace of Versailles, near Paris.
Discovery History - World War 1