US History World War I Timeline
Nationalism and Imperialism 1700's and 1800's
>In the 1700's and 1800's imperialism was how European powers built empires.
For years the Ottoman Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire had ruled the Balkans.
>By the late 1800's nationalism had become a powerful idea in Europe.
>In the 1800,s nationalism led to a crisis in the Balkan region of southeastern Europe.
Alliances In 1870
Franco-Russian alliance - 1894
MilitarismIn In 1898 & the early 1900s,
- In 1898 Germany began building a large modern navy. The buildup threatened the British, who rushed to build warships.
- By the early 1900s, Britain and Germany were engaged in an arms race.
Nationalism and Imperialism 1908
The Lusitania May 7, 1915 & January 1917
January 1917 - Arthur Zimmerman sent a telegram to the German ambassador in Mexico.
Volunteers and Conscripts in 1917
Trench Warfare Spring of 1917
•By Spring of 1917, WW1 devastated Europe
•Many Americans believed that their troops would make a difference and quickly bring the war to an end
•Early offensive demonstrated that warfare had changed. Powerful artillery guns placed far behind the front lines hurled huge explosive shells onto the battlefield ◦More people killed by artillery fire than any other weapon
Russia leaves the war March & Nov 1917
March 1917, riots broke out in Russia causing czar Nicholas II to abdicate his throne, beginning the Russian Revolution
•Vladimir Lenin's Bolshevik Party seized power and established a Communist gvt in Nov 1917
Americans Enter Combat July 4, 1917
Germany last offensive March 21, 1918
Battle of the Argonne Forest Sept 26, 1918
The War Ends Oct 1918
By Early Nov 1918
On Nov 9, Germany became a republic because they had a bunch of riots and the Kaiser fled to Poland.
2days later the gvt signed an arm assists. Then Nov 11th, 1918 the fighting stopped