Uzbekistan

By Ross Kilpatrick

Culture

The dominate ethnicity in Uzbekistan is Uzbek. As of 1995, seventy one percent of the population identified with this ethnicity. Islam is by far the majority religion, with over fifty percent identifying as Muslim. The official language of Uzbekistan is Uzbek. Twenty to twenty six million people in Uzbekistan speak it. The Classical Music listened to in Uzbekistan is Shasmaqam, and folk pop is also popular.
Ninety nine percent of the population is literate, though only seventy six percent under fifteen are enrolled in the education program. Students are required to go Monday through Saturday, though schooling ends at ninth grade.

Holidays:
September 1: Independence Day
October 1: Teacher's Day
December 8: Constitution Day

Sources: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uzbek_language, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uzbekistan#Culture,

Geography


Large Cities:

Capital: Tashkent(41.16 N, 69.13 E), Population: 2,309,600

Namangan(41.0004 N, 71.4006 E), Population: 475,400

Andijan(40.47 N, 72.20 E), Population: 333,400



Total Size: 447,400 square km

Land Portion: 425,400 square km

Water Portion: 22,000 square km


Location

It borders Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan.

Coordinates: 41 N, 69 E


Key Geographical Landmarks:

Aral Sea(Area: 17,160 square km)

Mount Adelung(Elevation: 4,301 meters)

Khazret Sultan(Elevation: 4,643 meters)

Great Fergana Canal(Length: 270 km)


Climate:

Uzbekistan has a continental climate. It has hot summers and cool winters, with temperatures throughout the year fluctuating from -2 C (28 F) to 40 C (104 F). It can get quite low in the winter however, with temperatures dropping to -40 C (-40 F).



Economy:

Uzbekistan has four main sources of wealth for its economy.

Gold: Uzbekistan contains the fourth largest gold deposits in the world. It is seventh in production, mining 80 tons of gold yearly.

Uranium: Uzbekistan is a major exporter of uranium, ranking seventh in the world for production, and twelfth in the world for deposits.

Natural Gas: Uzbekistan's own gas company, Uzbekneftegas, is ranked eleventh for production, and has a large number of oil and gas reserves that are still unused.

Agriculture: Employing twenty six percent of the work force, and contributes for eighteen percent of its GDP(Gross Domestic Production). Uzbekistan's farmable land totals to ten percent of its total area.


Sources: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geography_of_Uzbekistan, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aral_Sea, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Adelung, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khazret_Sultan, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Fergana_Canal, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andijan, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Namangan,

History

  • Russia gains control of Central Asia: In 1920 Russia firmly gains control of Central Asia.
  • Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic Created: October 27, 1924, The Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic is created.
  • World War 2: 1,433, 230 Uzbek soldiers fought in World War Two, both for and against the Nazi's.
  • Independence Declared: On September 1, 1991, Uzbekistan declared its independence from Soviet Russia.
  • Andijan Massacre: On May 13 2005, during a protest in Andijan, troops from the National Secret Service(SNB) fired into a crowd of protesters, killing somewhere from 187 to 1,500 hundred people.


Sources: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uzbekistan#History

Politics

Uzbekistan is a Presidential Republic, with a President and a Prime Minister. The Legislature consists of an Upper house, the Senate, and Lower house, Legislative Chamber. On December 29, 2007, Islam Karmivos term was extended due to a passed referendum.

Human Rights

The human rights in Uzbekistan appear, in some sense, to be fairly "first world". Over 300 laws preserving the free speech of the citizen have been passed. However, many Human Rights watchdogs label the country as authoritarian. Its transgressions include torture, random arrests, suppression of free speech, press, and religion.

Sources: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uzbekistan#Politics
Uzbekistan - Culture & Traditions