THE RELIEF OF SPAIN
The relief of the Peninsula and the islands.
ABOUT OF SPAIN
Spain is in the south-west of Europe. Its main frontiers are:
- The Pyrennees and the Cantabrian Sea in the north.
- Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean in the west.
- The Mediterranean Sea in the east.
- The Strait of Gibraltar, connecting the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, in the south.
Spain is in the temperate zone, except the Canary Islands. Spain has a long coastline of over 3,500 km. Spain´s average altitude is fairly high, at about 600 metres..
THE RELIEF OF THE PENINSULA
The Central Plateau is a vast inland plateau at an altitude of 650 metres. It is divided into two parts by the Central Chain, which is 700 km long. The Central Plateau is also surrounded by several inland mountain regions: the Galician Massif, the Cantabrian Chain, Iberian Chain and Morena Range. Other mountains regions are beyond the Central Plateau. They include the Pyrenees, the Baetic Chain and the Catalan Coastal Chain. The Pyrenees mountain range is 435 km long and its highest peaks are at an altitude of over 3,000 m. Lowland regions include the basins formed the Ebro and Guadalquivir rivers. Most coastal plains are narrow strips between the mountains and the sea. In Galician there are rías.
THE RELIEF OF THE ISLANDS
The Balearic Islands
The main mountain range, the Tramontana Range, is on Mallorca, which has the steepest relief. Ibiza also has steep relief. Menorca and Formentera have flatter relief.
The Canary Islands
Were formed by volcanic eruptions. The Teide is the highest mountain in Spain.