Chapter 19

Ambriel Raine

The Czech Republic

-The population size is about the size of South Carolina.

-The government type is Communists.

-Velvet Revolution is a revolution without bloodshed.

-Bohemia is known as the western half region of the Czech Republic.

-Moravia is the eastern region of the Czech Republic.

-The challenges the country face is ending air and water pollution.

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Slovakia

-Became a independent nation in 1993 when Czechoslovakia was peacefully divided.

-More than five million people live cradled within the Carpathian Mountains.

-On the collective farms the workers were paid by the government and they shared the profits from their products.

-The challenges the country face is the strain between Hungary and Slovkaia because of concerns about the treatment of Hungarians living in Slovakia and Slovaks living in Hungary.

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Hungary

-Hungarians major ethnic group is the Magyars.

-The type of government Hungary has Communism.

-The size of this country is the size of Indiana.

-The country's nickname is "Breadbasket."

-The challenge it faces is reducing the government debt.

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Romania

-23 million people live in Romania

-Nicolae Ceausescu led the nation to economic chaos.

-The economic chaos that energy was scarce that television aired for only two hours each night.

-The American soft drink maker spent $150 million in Romania to build up its operations there.

-The multiplier effect, eleven new jobs have been added to Romania's economy. It's effect is the effect an investment has in multiplying related jobs throughout an economy.

-The challenge this country face is the natural resources.

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Bulgaria

-Bulgaria's nickname is The Garden of Eastern Europe.

-It's government was once a strict communism.

-The challenge is face is the desperately need foreign currency.

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Albania

-There are 3.5 million people living there.

-It's nickname is "Europe's hermit."

-The effect of isolation left Albania one of the poorest nations in Europe.

-Since the end of the communism Albania received billions of dollars from foreign countries.

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Yugoslavia

-Yugoslavia means, "The Land of the Southern Slavs."

-When the communism ended, internal tensions increased.

-Croatia grew nervous about its future, fearing the wealth it gained from the tourist business on its long Mediterranean coastline would be eaten up by other regions. Soon Slovenia and Croatia declared themselves an independent country.

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Serbia/Montenegro

-The physical geography for this area is the peaks of Montenegro and the fertile plains of Danube valley in Serbia.

-One of the economic disaster is that the unemployment is more than 50 percent.

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Croatia

-Croatia is more than three quarters of nearly five million people.

-The conflict between Croatia and Serbs is heightened by frequent conflicts between Serbs and Croats.

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Slovenia

-Slovenia has 2 million residents.

-Slovenia was expected to recover quickly from the problems brought by war and independence.

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Bosnia/Herzegovina

-Bosnia and Herzegovina declared itself independence in 1991.

-The population was a complex mix. Of every six residents, two were Serbs, one was a Croat, and the other three called themselves Bosniaks and practiced Islam.

-Their resources are iron ore and lead.

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Macedonia

-The tension started when Greece objected the name Macedonia for a nation comprised largely of Slavic people. Issues of culture and national identity particularly language were at the center of the dispute
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