Costume Scene Investigation

Classical Century

mens garments

Men wore a long cloak as an outer garment. they wore an under tunic and a short over tunic that was belted at the waist .The rich wore cloaks lined with fur, silk, or gold cloth. Peasants and lower class often wore shorter garments or breeches to ease movement while they worked and people who belonged to guilds would sometimes wear garments or emblems that advertised their trade.The tunic was the most basic clothing item for men. It was made of two pieces of undyed heavy wool and was sewn together at the sides and shoulders. It was worn belted and covered the knees. When the weather was cold, more than one tunic would be worn. The tunic was worn by men of all social ranks. Boys wore a tunic down to their knees. It was white, with a crimson border. When a boy reached age 16 and was considered a man, he put aside these clothes, and wore an all-white tunic.

womans garments

Fewer restrictions by laws, customs and traditions existed on the dress of women. If initially is believed to have been largely white, like the dress of men, then didn’t appear to stay so for long. Female clothes instead being of almost any colour.

The basic female garment was the stola. It was essentially a long tunic reaching to the ground. If could have long or short sleeves, or be entirely sleeveless.
The stola was generally worn over another long tunic, the tunica interior.

It was often the case that the stola therefore was shorter than the under tunic in order to show the layers of garment (which invariably was a display of wealth and status).
Another display of wealth could be a wide ornamental border (instita) on the lower hem of either the under tunic or the stola.



headwear

A crown is often an emblem of the monarchy and made out of gold, a monarch's government, or items endorsed by it. The word itself is used, particularly in Commonwealth countries, as an abstract name for the monarchy itself, as distinct from the individual who inhabits it (see The Crown). A specific type of crown (or coronet for lower ranks of peerage) is employed in heraldry under strict rules. Indeed some monarchies never had a physical crown, just a heraldic representation, as in the constitutional kingdom of Belgium, where no coronation ever took place; the royal installation is done by a solemn oath in parliament, wearing a military uniform: the King is not acknowledged as by divine right.

footwear


For footwear Greeks and Romans wore sandals and boots made from leather and wood. Romans had hobnail boots, bath clogs, leather shoes but they hadn't master shoe laces. Sandals were the primary form of footwear in ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece and Rome. Wealthy Greeks wore sandals decorated with jewels and gold. Roman developed sandals with thicker soles, leather sides and laced insteps. There were various types of shoes for different situations. At home, Romans wore sandals called "soleae" and in the streets they wore square toed shoes with leather bands that tied up the ankle. Roman footwear showed little distinction between male and female.

accessories


  • Cloak: The cloak was the basic outerwear item of Ancient Roman fashion. Cloaks were used to protect men's clothing against bad weather. The poor wore short and dark cloaks and the wealthy donned brightly colored one The Romans used a diverse selection of materials in their jewelry due to the accessibility of a wide variety of natural resources found across the European and Mediterranean continents which were under their dominion. They also had an extensive network of trade, which gave them access to exotic materials and precious gemstones that traveled along the ancient Silk Road from Persia, the Indus Valley, India and the Far East.