Transgenic Crops for Foods

By: Johnny Manfre & Tanner Horneck

What is Transgenic Crops for Food?

Transgenic Crops for Food is a plant that contains a gene or genes that have been put into the plant, artificially, from another plant or animal using different biotech techniques.

How are Transgenic Crops are made?

In order for transgenic crops to be made, scientists use recombinant DNA technology. Scientist take genes from one species of a plant and insert them into another. These genes are called Transgenes. The transgene from one species are put into the other and its genetic code alters the function of the plant or control which trait is expressed. this method is called transformation.

How is it being used currently?

Transgenic crops are currently used in soybeans, canola, cotton, corn, tomatoes, and many other crops. Different uses for transgenic crops are for herbicide tolerance and insect resistance. Herbicide is a toxic substance to plants. The use of transgenic crops in society are to provide the crops with proteins that are resistant to insects that feed on them and help them survive longer to produce more of its species.


Benefits?

The benefits of transgenic crops are larger production, stronger crops, and the ability to resist insects and different organisms. Larger production is beneficial because more crops are being made and sold to consumers. Stronger crops is also beneficial because these crops can withstand tough weather conditions like the cold winters and the hot summers. The crops ability to resist insects is a good benefit because the crops are not going to be eaten by any organisms.

Disadvantages?

Yes, transgenic crops provide many disadvantages. First of all, transgenic crops are not completely safe to eat as they can contain some substances that lead to diseases like cancer. Also, since genetically modified crops are new to humans, they can have an unusual taste that might scare of buyers of these newly designed foods.

How does it affect organisms?

Transgenic crops affect organisms both positively and negatively. These crops affects humans because transgenic crops are more nutritious and less expensive. Transgenic crops are also negative to humans by having the possibility of causing allergic reactions and starting a new range of diseases.


Do they affect the economy?

Yes, they do in fact affect the economy. Transgenic crops would affect economics negatively because it is very expensive to develop these artificially selected crops. Also, it is a very time consuming process which although it may produce a longer rate, it will take while to actually get them in stores to get them to be bought by every day customers.


How do they affect the environment?

Bacillus thuringiensis is a bacteria that is found in most genetically modified crops. BT another name for Bacillus thuringiensis, use up all the soil's minerals and destroys the useful bacteria that protect natural crops from pests. BT can also enter streams or ocean and can affect the lives of different aquatic life. Lastly, Transgenic crops carry a toxic substance that is harmful to non-targeted species such as the Monarch Butterfly.( More affects shown below).

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How does it affect the world in a social aspect/affect our future?

Genetically Modified crops affect our society because 60-70 precent of all our crops have some sort of genetic modification. This makes consumers more cautions about what they are eating and what they are letting into their bodies. Transgenic crops can positively affect our future by helping make a stop to world hunger. Transgenic crops can be grown in worsen weather conditions and places where soil is bad and not ideal for agricultural growth.
What Is a Genetically Modified Food? - Instant Egghead #45