The World of Law

By: Lauren Pressley

Procedures of Civil Cases

Plaintiff- A person or party filling a lawsuit

Defendant- An individual or group being sued or charged with a crime

Complaint- A formal notice that a lawsuit is being brought

Summons- A notice directing someone to appear in court to answer a complaint or a charge

Pleadings- The complaint and the answer combined in a civil case

Pretrial Conference- A meeting of the parties to an action and their attorneys held before the court prior to the commencement of actual courtroom proceedings

Mediation- Situation in which a third party helps the plaintiff and defendant reach an agreement

Arbitration- Situation in which a third party listens to the plaintiff and defendant, reviews that case and makes a final decision that is binding for both parties

Trial- 1. Law

A). The examination before a judicial tribunal of the facts put in issue in a cause, often including issues of law as well as those of fact

B). The determination of a person's guilt or innocence by due process of law

2. The act of trying, testing, or putting to the proof

3. Test; proof

4. An attempt or effort to do something

5. A tentative or experimental action in order to ascertain results

6. The state or position of a person or thing being tried or tested

7. Subjection to suffering or grievous experiences

Preponderance of evidence- Superiority in weight of an evidence that is more convincing (even if minimally) than the evidence presented by the other party. In civil cases, the jury is instructed to determine which party on the whole has preponderance of evidence, and to return a verdict in its favor.

Verdict- Decision in a case made by a judge or jury

Appeal- If the losing party believes something went wrong in the case, they can ask for a review from a higher court

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