Brown vs. Board of Education 1954

The Desegregation of Public Schools

By: Dang, Jason, Beth, and Lauren

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The 5 W's

Who: Linda Brown, her parent, Chief Justice Earl Warren, the National Association For the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), and Thurgood Marshall... OPPOSITION- Topeka Board of Education, Harry F. Byrd

What: The fight for equality of education

When: 1954

Where: Topeka, Kansas (Where it started) to District of Columbia (D.C., in the Supreme Court)

Why: With segregation of public school = INEQUALITY of Education = Less educated people = Bad for country


All started because of the U.S. Supreme Court ended federally sanctioned racial segregation in public schools in 1896. Years later a African American third grader, named Linda Brown, having to walk a great distance to get to grade school; while there was a neighborhood school near her house, but was a white people only school. Her parent brought the case up to the United States District Court for the District of Kansas, but was DENIED. So on the behalf of her parents, the NAACP brought the suit to the Supreme Court to admit her to her neighborhood school.


-In the Supreme Court, the court under Chief Justice Earl Warren declared that all PUBLIC school be desegregated.

KEY PHRASE IN THE RULING delivered by Chief Justice Earl Warren was as follows:

"Segregation of white and colored children in public schools has a detrimental effect upon the colored children. The impact is greater when it has the sanction of the law, for the policy of separating the races is usually interpreted as denoting the inferiority of the Negro group. A sense of inferiority affects the motivation of a child to learn. Segregation with the sanction of law, therefore, has a tendency to [retard] the educational and mental development of Negro children and to deprive them of some of the benefits they would receive in a racially integrated school system. ... We conclude that, in the field of public education, the doctrine of "separate but equal" has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."

-Ending segregation in schools lead to racial equality for the colored citizens.

-Creating equal education to all

-Create a better future for the country

-Now African American and other colored children gets an equal chance to learn like the white children in public schools

-This partly leads to the civil rights movements

Contribution to the civil rights movement and How the leading to future events?

This gave the civil rights movement a huge lift because the best and most powerful court of the U.S, who follows what the constitution said, had decided that segregation in publlic schools was unconstitutional. This led up to the Little Rock Nine Event, other cases that was about school, and helping Thurgood Marshall gain a good foot on being the first black justice on the Supreme Court.


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