Articles 1-3 of US Constitution

By: Rayquan Harris

Preamble: We the People of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and Secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

Article 1
Sec 1: All legislative powers here should be in a Congress of the United States, which will have a Senate and House of Representatives.

Sec 2: The House of Representatives will consist of members chosen every other year by people in several states, and electors in each state shall qualify for the branch of the State Legislature. No person can represent that is not 25 years of age, and hasn't been a citizen of the United States for 7 years. Representatives and taxes shall be present in each state which will be determined by the State's population, and taking into account Indians and all other person in which three fifths will be applied. The number of representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each state will have at least one representative. Until the enumeration, each state has a fixed number of representatives. When vacancies occur, the Executive Authority will issue Writs of election to fill vacancies. The House of Representatives will choose their officers and speaker, and will have the power to impeach.

Sec 3: The Senate of the United States shall be composed of 2 senators from each state, for six years, and each senator have one vote. They shall be divided into three classes, the first class seats will expire in the second year, the second class seats expire the fourth year, and the third class seats expire the sixth year. Temporary vacancies will be filled by appointments. No person can be a senator who is not 35 years old and been a citizen for 9 years. The Vice President will be president of the Senate but will have no vote. The senate will choose their officers, and in the absence of the Vice President, the senate will appoint a pro tempore. The Senate will have power of all to try all impeachments.

Sec 4: Elections for Senators and Representatives will be determined by the State Legislature but Congress may alter. The Congress will meet at least once a yera on the first Monday in December unless they appoint another day by law.

Sec 5: Each house shall judge elections and qualifications of its own members. Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings and punish members. Each house will keep a journal of its proceedings and neither house shall adjourn more than three days without the consent of the other.

Sec6: The add strength to the federal government, Founders set salaries to be paid by the Treasury.

Sec 7: All tax law must originate in the House of Representatives. A bill will only become a law by passing both houses of congress and a signature by the president; the president can veto.

Sec 8: expressed powers are the powers directly stated in the Constitution. Power to borrow money on credit, regulate commerce, establish rule of naturalization, coin money, provide punishment for counterfeit, establish post offices and roads, declare war, raise armies, maintain a navy, make rules for the government and army forces, to maintain the militia and exercise legislation in all cases.

Sec 9: The migration or importation of people in any of the states shall not be allowed by congress prior to the year 1808, and a tax may be imposed on the importation, but not exceeding 10 dollars. A writ of habeas corpus issued by a judge requires a law official to bring a prisoner to court and show cause for holding the prisoner.

Sec 10: This section lists limits on the states, such as treaties, alliances and duties on exports/imports.

Article 2
Sec 1: An executive branch is created to carry out laws passed by congress. Powers and duties of the presidency are listed, and also the qualifications for the office and how the electing will take place; also the vice president is mentioned. If the president dies, resigns, or is impeached, the vice president becomes president. Also a salary for the president is mentioned in this section.

Sec 2: A president will have a cabinet, or an advisory body. This section also lists what the president will be besides president, such as commander in chief of the army and navy. He will also have the power to make treaties and the power to fill up vacancies.

Sec 3: This section talks about the presidents state of the union address.

Sec 4: The president, and vice president, along with all civil officers will be removed when high crims or misdemeanors occur.

Article 3
Sec 1: The judicial branch will be invested in one supreme court and smaller courts, ruled by fair judges who receive compensation for their duties.

Sec 2: Federal courts will deal with laws passed by congress and cases involving the constitution itself. There will be a supreme court with "original jurisdiction" and has the most power.

Sec 3: No person should be convicted of treason unless there be a testimony of two witnesses over the same act. Congress will have the power to declare the punishment.