Proud or Ashamed: American Society
Kamrie Holms - Period 7
Populist Party (Political)
The Populist movement was a revolt by farmers in the South and Midwest against the Democratic and Republican Parties for ignoring their interests and difficulties. For over a decade, farmers were suffering from crop failures, falling prices, poor marketing, and lack of credit facilities. I am not proud of this movement in America because it showed the lack of interest that the government had in the people of the South along their difficulties in farming.
Invention of The Lightbulb (Economic)
The Eradication of Buffalo (Cultural)
"Let them kill, skin, and sell until the buffalo is exterminated, as it is the only way to bring lasting peace and allow civilization to advance."
- General Philip Sheridan
Like people of other ethnicities, the Chinese immigrated to the United States for better lives. Before 1900, their work included farming, mining and building railroads. Men sent money home to their families in China. But American laborers resented the Chinese because the latter were willing to work for cheap wages. Americans accused the Chinese of monopolizing jobs. Angel Island was on the west coast in San Francisco Bay. About 50,000 chinese entered through Angel Island. There was harsh questioning and long detention. Most importantly, it was the island that held hundreds of thousands of immigrants, the majority from China. The detention facility was considered ideal because of its isolated location, making it very easy to control migrants, enforce the new immigration laws as well as any outbreaks of disease. I am not proud of this Island because it held people off from the opportunities that America promised at the beginning stages of this country. I think it is rather hypocritical to keep a race out of a country when we (more our ancestors but it is our heritage) were all immigrants once. I am glad that America got over this period of discrimination against one race and we have moved past this point in our country.
Political machines were an organized group that controlled the actions of a political party in a city. They offered services to voters and businesses in exchange for votes. The Encyclopædia Britannica defines "political machine" as, "in U.S. politics, a party organization, headed by a single boss or small autocratic group, that commands enough votes to maintain political and administrative control of a city, county, or state". William Safire, in his Safire's Political Dictionary, defines "machine politics" as "the election of officials and the passage of legislation through the power of an organization created for political action". I am on the fence about political machines because although they offered services for a very biased and wrong reason; they provided medication, clothing, shelter, food, and many other things to those in need. They helped tremendously with the poor. Although, I do not like how they controlled all political parties and the votes of people.
"The political machine triumphs because it is a united minority acting against a divided majority."
Chinese Exclusion Act
The Chinese Exclusion Act was a United States federal law signed by President Chester A. Arthur on May 6, 1882. It was one of the most significant restrictions on free immigration in US history, prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers. Chinese Exclusion Act closed the door on Chinese immigration for ten years. This banned entry for all Chinese except students, teachers, merchants, tourists, and government officials. I am very ashamed of this act America created. I understand that it was to stop the excessive inflow of immigrants purely for work, but it seems harsh to keep a whole race of people (who are look for opportunities just as everyone else) because they need jobs. Although this act didn't last long it seems to have hit hard on the Chinese government because we still don't have a strong relationship with the Chinese.
Civil Service Reform
"At a purely practical level, history is important because it provides the basic skills needed for students to go further in sociology, politics, international relations and economics. History is also an ideal discipline for almost all careers in the law, the civil service and the private sector."
Rural to Urban Migration
Social Problems in the early 20th Century
- Should or can Americans agree on what are
American values, principles, and national priorities?
- Should there be one common culture that all
Americans are expected to share and identify with?
- How can local, state, and federal governments support
and protect the "public interest" from the selfish,
greedy hands of special interest groups?
- Can the federal government solve social and economic
problems such as poverty, alcohol abuse, racism, crime
and violence, and moral decline?
- Should local, states, and federal governments be
responsible for protecting and improving the social
welfare of Americans, such as guaranteeing all
Americans a decent education, a decent job, a moral
society, and strong families?
I am really not proud of these problems in America because it pushed the problems of gender and racial inequality and made everyone think that these problems and standards were okay. Although they were being challenged they didn't meet the ideal of today. In fact - these problems are kind of embarrassing considering the fact that we based our country off the idea of freedom.
In a free society, government reflects the soul of its people. If people want change at the top, they will have to live in different ways. Our major social problems are not the cause of our decadence. They are a reflection of it.
Political Corruption is the use of powers by government officials for illegitimate private gain. This was an illegal act by an office holder. Forms of corruptions vary, but include bribery, extortion, cronyism, nepotism, patronage, influence peddling, graft, and embezzlement. Corruption may facilitate criminal enterprise such as drug trafficking, money laundering, and human trafficking, though is not restricted to these activities. Misuse of government power for other purposes, such as repression of political opponents and general police brutality, is also considered political corruption. I am not proud of this event in America. It definitely showed our weaker side of the government proved that we are not as willing to work hard for want. Instead, we turn to the easy side. It is rather embarrassing that we turned to these matters but it was really inevitable because it seems as Americans we are kind of lazy and decide to take the easy route.
After the Industrial Revolution, this became a common practice of European nations seeking new sources of raw materials and markets to sell manufactured products. I am proud and ashamed of this idea in America because although it showed our use of power to use above someone, it gave us a lot of new recourses and countries that we used to our advantage which gave us a good influx of resources and production.
US Economic Interests in the Spanish-American War
Yellow journalism, or the yellow press, is a type of journalism that presents little or no legitimate well-researched news and instead uses eye-catching headlines to sell more newspapers. Techniques may include exaggerations of news events, scandal-mongering, or sensationalism. It was used to lure and enrage readers to get them excited or more involved in the war. I am ashamed of this appeal in American Society because it practically appealed to lies and scandal in America. This is not what America should have been focused on especially at the time of World War I when war was still a very sensitive topic.
Isolationism and Neutrality
US Entry Into World War I
“The 1930s taught us a clear lesson; aggressive conduct, if allowed to go unchecked and unchallenged, ultimately leads to war.”
― John F. Kennedy