Timeless Twenties

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Halie Cline & Mia Daniel

KKK CAUSES CORRUPTION

NEW ALCOHOL LAWS IN EFFECT

Nativism

In the 1890-1920 era nativists and labor unions campaigned for immigration restriction. The plan was to exclude people who were unable to read and write on their own. In the 1920s a wide national consensus sharply restricted the overall inflow of immigrants, especially those from southern and eastern Europe. 3 laws passed during this time include 1. Emergency Quota Act 1921
2. Immigration Act 1924
3. National Origins Act 1924
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KKK Causes Corruption

The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) is a white supremacist organization that was founded in 1866. Throughout its notorious history, groups of the secret fraternal organization have used acts of terrorism, including murder, lynching, rape, and bombing—to oppose the granting of civil rights to African Americans.This act of discrimination flourished during the 1920s.
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Politics: Warren G. Harding

Warren G. Harding was the 26th president of the United States. He was a personable and conservative senator from Ohio. He won the presidential election of 1920 in a landslide by promising a "return to normalcy" after World War I. Harding's administration ended up plagued by corruption scandals, as many of the President's cronies used their high positions in government for illegal personal gain.
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Teapot Dome Scandal

This was a bribery incident that took place in the United States from 1921 to 1922, during the administration of President Warren G. Harding. The scandal damaged thereputation of the Harding administration, which was already severely fading away by its poor handling of the Great Railroad Strike of 1922 and the President's veto of the Bonus Bill in 1922.
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Kellogg Briand Pact

This was a 1928 international agreement in which some states promised not to use war to resolve disputes or conflicts of whatever nature or of whatever origin they may be, which may arise among them. The pact was signed in Paris.
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Political Cartoon: Prohibition

This political cartoon illustrates the problems causes by Prohibition and how freedom was jeopardized while causing other issues.

Court Case: Red Scare

Shortly after the end of World War I and the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, the Red Scare took hold in the United States. A nationwide fear of communists, socialists, anarchists, and other dissidents suddenly grabbed the American psyche in 1919 following a series of anarchist bombings. The nation was gripped in fear.The Red Scare raged across the country, fueled by fear of the harmful doctrines of the rapidly advancing Soviet Union.

Court Case: Palmer Raids

The Palmer Raids were a series of raids by the United States Department of Justice intended to capture, arrest and deport radical leftists, especially anarchists, from the United States. The raids and arrests occurred in November 1919 and January 1920 under the leadership of Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer.The plamer raids was a repeat of the red scare to many, fearing many.

Sacco & Vanzetti

  • On April 15, 1920, a paymaster for a shoe company in South Braintree, Massachusetts, was shot and killed along with his guard. The murderers, who were described as two Italian men, escaped with more than $15,000. After going to a garage to claim a car that police said was connected with the crime, Sacco and Vanzetti were arrested and charged with the crime. Although both men carried guns and made false statements upon their arrest, neither had a previous criminal record. On July 14, 1921, they were convicted and sentenced to die. This was a very controversial topic during the 1920s.

Schenek vs. United States

This was a case in which the Court ruled on March 3, 1919, that the freedom of speech protection afforded in the 1st amendment could be restricted if the words spoken or printed represented to society a “clear and present danger. Schenck was subsequently arrested for having violated the Espionage Act; he was convicted on three counts and sentenced to 10 years in prison for each count.

Scopes Monkey Trial

The Scopes Monkey Trial, was an American legal case in 1925 in which a substitute high school teacher, John Scopes, was accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act, which made it unlawful to teach human evolution in any state-funded school.John Scopes was best known as the Tennessee educator found guilty of breaking the law for teaching evolution in his class room. FINAL OUTCOME: Bryan worked for peace, prohibition, and woman suffrage, and he increasingly criticized the teaching of evolution. In 1925, he joined the prosecution in the trial of John Scopes, a Tennessee schoolteacher charged with violating state law by teaching evolution. In a famous exchange, Clarence Darrow, defending Scopes, put Bryan on the witness stand and revealed his shallowness and ignorance of science and archaeology. Bryan died soon after the trial ended

William Jennings Bryan

  • After helping Woodrow Wilson secure the Democratic presidential nomination for 1912, he served as Wilson’s secretary of state until 1914. In his later years, Bryan campaigned for peace, prohibition and suffrage, and increasingly criticized the teaching of evolution.

Innovations

  • Henry Ford: American industrialist, the founder of the Ford Motor Company, and the sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production. his vehicles were a large contribution during the time of war from 1914-1918.
  • Literature: The Great Gatsby was written during this time as well as books that stressed themes concerning need for self-definition and the changing role of women in society.
  • Farmers: Tractors were introduced and became an essential part of farming. By 1917 there were nearly 48 flourishing tractor companies.

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Letter To The Editor

As we are all aware, prohibition of alcohol was a huge controversial topic during the time of the 1920s. At first people were at agreement with the idea of prohibiting the sales and transportation of hard liquor because they thought it would eliminate problems but it turns out, it caused worse problems than to begin with. After 14 years, the government made the decision to repeal the 18th Amendment and continue on with alcohol sales. Main reasons why america changed it's mind was to decrease the smuggling o large amounts of alcohol overseas and to regain the tax money collected from the alcohol sales. The money collected from taxes is enough to pay the national dept and have nearly 200 Million left over for urgently needed purposes. So repealing the 18th Amendment was a no brainer.

Political Cartoon: Reguarding Teapot Dome Scandal


This political cartoon shows how the Teapot Dome Scandal

started the downhill journey of the Harding Administration.

It shows two men running down a hill, with a sign saying

"White House Highway", and a steamroller reading "Oil Scandal".

The two men running down the hill represents the government

officials involved in the scandal going downhill, and the steamroller

going down "White House Highway" shows how the White

House crashed after the scandal.