Trinity Psenak Health-5 10/14/16

SLOGAN: We need only fear fear


Phobias- An irrational worry about a normal, everyday event.

Age/gender tendencies

Social phobias affect young adults and adults more than children. Specific phobias tend to affect females, possibly due to the pressures of society. The age it affects is children through adults, as most fears begin with childhood memories.


There are two types of phobias, social and specific. Specific phobias, which are more common, are intense and irrational fears about otherwise harmless things such as spiders, airplanes, or elevators. About 19 million people harbor specific phobias. People with specific phobias tend to avoid what they fear; people who are afraid of heights will avoid planes or crossing bridges. Social phobia is overwhelming anxiety and excessive self-consciousness about everyday social situations. Around 15 million Americans suffer from social phobias. People who suffer from social phobias tend to avoid contact with other people or situations they find frightening.


-Childhood experiences

-Imbalances in the neurotransmitters

-An overactive component in the brain known as amygdala

-Fears inherited by ancestors


-Panic attacks

-Pounding heart







-Chest pain

-Feelings of unreality and/or impending doom

The FUNNY Phobias Workshop


Serotonin reuptake inhibitors- A type of medicine used to help with anxiety attacks, phobias, and other stress related disorders

Exposure treatment- Exposes the patient to their fears gradually, eventually helping them overcome their fear. (Ex. a person who is afraid of heights is told to climb a ladder a few rungs each visit, until they are able to climb all the way up)

Behavior therapy- Patients are introduced to their fears in non-dangerous situations. (Ex. A person who is afraid of snakes is put in a situation with non-dangerous snakes.

Counter conditioning- The patient is put in the situation they feel frightened in and given something they feel safe with or associate good feelings with so they instead focus on the happy feelings and get over their fears. (Ex. a person who is afraid of dogs, but loves ice cream, will repeatedly be put in a room with a calm dog and some ice cream until they feel comfortable around the dog)

Phobia examples