Lyndon B Johnson

The Texan

Elections

  • Vice President Lyndon B Johnson became president after the assassination of John F Kennedy in 1963
  • From Texas


Election of 1964
  • Democrat- LBJ
  • The Great Society (below) was his ideals
  • Popular votes- 43,129,566
  • Electoral votes- 486
  • Republican- Barry Goldwater
  • Against federal income tax, social security, Tennessee Valley Authority, civil rights, nuclear testing ban treaty, and the Great Society
  • Popular votes- 27,178,188
  • Electoral votes- 52

The Great Society

  • Johnson's democratic agenda, included the passage of numerous social reforms
  • Aid to education, medical care, immigrant reform and a new voting rights bill was the basis of The Great Society
  • Medicare for the elderly and Medicaid for the poor was passed in 1965
  • Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965- abolished the Immigration Act of 1924 that was based on nationality, doubled the amount of immigrant able to enter the US each year, and close relatives were exempt from the limit
  • National Endowments for the Arts and the Humanities- increase the arts and culture of America
  • Department of Transportation
  • Project Head Start- improved the education of under privileged children
  • Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)- first black cabinet secretary appointed (Robert C. Weaver)

24th Amendment

People cannot be made to pay a poll tax before they are allowed to vote


Aimed at getting as many of the Black population in the South the ability to vote by removing unfair barriers

Vietnam War

Tonkin Gulf episode
  • US Navy and Southern Vietnam ships were fired at on August 2 and 4 of 1964
  • Johnson passed the Tonkin Gulf Resolution- gave Johnson the power to use military force in Vietnam without a declaration of war by Congress

Vietnam War

  • Vietnamese New Year, Tet- Viet Cong attacked
  • Proved that the gradual military escalation was not going to defeat the Communists in North Vietnam
  • Started to take about withdrawing troops and peace negotiations

Civil Rights

  • Voting Rights Act of 1965- made it illegal to give any form of test to deny somebody's right to vote based on education, focused on getting Blacks the right to vote
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964- racial, sex, or religious discrimination by employers illegal and gave the government more power to enforce desegregation of schools and public places
  • Watt riot- symbolized the end of the nonviolent civil rights movements and moved toward militant confrontation to change civil rights
  • Malcolm X- preached black nationalism and Islam

1968

  • Election of 1968- Humphrey (Democrat) received a good number of votes but Republican Nixon won the election, the first Republican in a long time
  • Senator Robert F. Kennedy- trying to run fr president was shot on June 5, 1968
  • Humphrey became the candidate for the 1968 election
  • Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.- April 4, 1968 in Memphis, killed by James Earl Ray
  • Tet offense (mentioned above)