Briana Spinhirn Block: 6
What is Monarchy?
Monarchy is ruler by a king or a queen (Kingdom), only one ruler. Monarchy was the most common form of government until the 19th century. Almost every country in the world was once ruled by monarchy. In some monarchies the monarch held all the power and had the final say over the government. In other monarchies a leader shares power with an elected government.
Ruler by a King or Queen
How are laws made? Who is the legislature?
There are two types of monarchy; absolute and constitutional monarchy. Constitutional monarchy is a form of government that was a monarch acts as the leader within the guidelines of the constitution. Absolute monarchy is when the monarchies power are not limited by a constitution or by the law. A monarchies power can also depend on a country's history and culture.
- The power that the ruler has is sometimes more powerful than the constitution
- The power is mostly passed down through their family line. The King or Queen's oldest child becomes the next King or Queen.
What rights do citizens have? Can they vote?
In absolute monarchy, peoples rights are not guaranteed, and the monarch can decide to give some people more privileges than others. Theses privileges are not rights and the monarch can decide to take them away at any moment they want. It all depends what type of monarchy you live in and how the monarch rules that country.
How is this form of government different than our own?
Examples of countries with monarchy
- Jordan ( Constitutional monarchy) Leader: Abdullah II
- Morocco ( Constitutional monarchy) Leader: Mohammed VI
- Oman (Absolute monarchy ) Leader: Qaboos Bin Said Al
- Swaziland (Absolute monarchy ) Leader: Mswati III
- Thailand ( Constitutional monarchy) Leader: Bhumibol Adulyadej