Monarchy

Briana Spinhirn Block: 6

What is Monarchy?

Monarchy is ruler by a king or a queen (Kingdom), only one ruler. Monarchy was the most common form of government until the 19th century. Almost every country in the world was once ruled by monarchy. In some monarchies the monarch held all the power and had the final say over the government. In other monarchies a leader shares power with an elected government.

Ruler by a King or Queen

How are laws made? Who is the legislature?

Many constitutional monarchies run the government and put the laws to work. They even have the power to command the military. An elected body has legislative power to makes the laws. In Absolute monarchies the monarch have the final say in any decision, so the monarch has power over everything. The king or queen is usually the only person in the legislature.


Power

There are two types of monarchy; absolute and constitutional monarchy. Constitutional monarchy is a form of government that was a monarch acts as the leader within the guidelines of the constitution. Absolute monarchy is when the monarchies power are not limited by a constitution or by the law. A monarchies power can also depend on a country's history and culture.


- The power that the ruler has is sometimes more powerful than the constitution

- The power is mostly passed down through their family line. The King or Queen's oldest child becomes the next King or Queen.


What rights do citizens have? Can they vote?

In constitutional monarchies , the rights of the citizens are written in their constitution. Most protected rights are freedom of speech, freedom from cruel and unusual punishment, and the right to fair trial. In most constitutional monarchies their rights are enforced and in absolute monarchies leaders claim to protect the rights of their citizens.


In absolute monarchy, peoples rights are not guaranteed, and the monarch can decide to give some people more privileges than others. Theses privileges are not rights and the monarch can decide to take them away at any moment they want. It all depends what type of monarchy you live in and how the monarch rules that country.


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How is this form of government different than our own?

Our government doesn't have only one leader, it has many branches that have a system thats called checks and balances. It ensures that no other branch becomes more powerful than the other branches. Monarchism has the king or queen no other person to decide for the country but there is the constitution that he or she might follow by. I would prefer to live in a form of government that I live in now because its the kind of environment I like to live in.


Examples of countries with monarchy

- Spain ( Constitutional monarchy) Leader: Juan Carlos

- Jordan ( Constitutional monarchy) Leader: Abdullah II

- Morocco ( Constitutional monarchy) Leader: Mohammed VI

- Oman (Absolute monarchy ) Leader: Qaboos Bin Said Al

- Swaziland (Absolute monarchy ) Leader: Mswati III

- Thailand ( Constitutional monarchy) Leader: Bhumibol Adulyadej