GroundWater

By Nicolas Mejia

What is and the process?

Is water that takes places underground in the cracks and spaces in soil, sand and rock.

The process is when the water fall, the water fills in the ground and places in little space between over the rocks, sand or soil.

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Porosity VS. Permeability

Porosity: is a measure of how much of a soil is open space. This space can be between grains or within cracks or cavities of the soil.

Permeability: is a measure of the ease movement water can move through a porous rock.

Groundwater diagram

Water table is the level below which the ground is saturated with water.
The zone of aeration is the region between the earth's surface and the water table.

Zone of saturation is the area in an aquifer, below the water table.

A Aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, fractures or soft materials (soil) from which groundwater can be extracted using a water well.

Aquiclude is a impermeable layer that restricted the water flow.

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Effects of groundwater Overuse

Groundwater is the largest source of usable, fresh water in the world. In many parts of the world, especially where surface water supplies are not available.Pumping water out of the ground at a faster rate than it is replenished over the long-term causes similar problems.


Groundwater depletion is primarily caused by sustained groundwater pumping. Some of the negative effects of groundwater depletion:

Lowering of the Water Table.

Increased Costs.

Reduced Surface Water Supplies.

Land Subsidence.

Water Quality Concerns.

Groundwater Animation