Apartheid

What was Apartheid?

Apartheid, meaning separate in Afrikaans, was a set of laws in South Africa that ordered segregation between whites and non-whites. Apartheid classified the population into four groups: Blacks, Whites, Indians, and colored. Non-whites where not able to vote, use the same bathrooms, water fountains, and benches, as the whites.

When did Apartheid happen?

From 1948 to 1994 racial segregation (Apartheid) was enforced through legislation by the national party government who were the ruling party.

Where did Apartheid take place?

Apartheid mostly affected South Africa.

Who was involved?

Nelson Mandela a South African anti-apartheid activist, revolutionary and politician who served from 1994 to 1999 as president. He had a lead role in the abolishing of Apartheid in South Africa. He was imprisoned for 27 before being released, he was arrested and convicted of sabotage and conspiracy to over throw the government
F. W. de Klerk was the seventh and last state president who help end apartheid, he was the last white president in South Africa.

Key events

In 1950 mixed marriages were banned.
The population registration act of 1950 separated the different races, and even went as far as separating families. Blacks had a harder time finding jobs
In 1990 president Frederick Willem de klerk began steps to end Apartheid, culminating in multi-racial democratic elections in 1994 which were won by the African national congress under Nelson Mandela.

Why is it important?

Apartheid greatly affected South Africa and relations between African Americans and whites. Today still in South Africa you can see the effects of apartheid, today's South Africa is based off of the events that shape it's government and relations.