The 7 principles of Government

By: Madison Hampf & Ashley Stripling

Popular Sovereignty

  1. Definition: A government in which the people rule
  2. Example: voting
  3. Reflection in Constitution: "We the people of the United states, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, ensure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the Untied States of America."

Federalism

Definition: a type of government in which the power is divided between a central government and smaller political units, such as states.Example: Freeways Reflected in Constitution: "These are delegate powers, powers kept by the states are reserved powers. powers shared or exercised by national and state government are known as Current Power."

Limited Government

Definition: closely related to the "rule of law": everyone, citizens and powerful leaders must obey the law.Example: If one of the branches of government wants to make a new law, all three of the branches have to agree on it to pass.Reflected in Constitution: Article 1, Section 9: Powers denied to congress; Article 1, Section 10; Forbids states to take curtain actions.

Checks and Balances

Definition: Each branch of government can exercise checks, or controls, over the other branches.Example: the different types of branches rely on each other and can excersise checks, or controls over other branches. If the congress wanted to pass a law they could, but the president could check this power by refusing to sign the law in to action.Reflected in Constitution: The Framers included a system of Checks and Balances in the Constitution to help make sure that the branches work fairly.

Republicanism

Definition: based on belief: The people exercise there power by voting for there political representatives.Example: People go to voting polls to voice there opinions and concerns.Reflected in Constitution: Article 4, Section 4; "republican form of government."

Separation of Power

Definition: The division of basic government roles in to branches.Example: The Three BranchesReflected in Constitution: Articles 1,2,3; detail powers are split among the three branches.

Individual Rights

Definition: Personal liberties and privilegesExample: The government cannot control what people write or say. (Freedom of Speech)Reflected in Constitution: First ten amendments; Shield people from sn overly powerful government.