Events Leading Up To Civil War

Major Events by: Aimee Hou

The Compromise of 1850

The Compromise of 1850 cause frustration between the north and the south, and they soon became enemies because of that. There are the three fifth compromise, the Missouri compromise of 1820, and the compromise of 1850. All of these were about slavery but not all agreed to it, so the north and the south kept on fighting and fighting and it got worse and worse and soon, it lead to the civil war.


Redo: The Compromise of 1850 insists of five laws passed in September of that year. This Compromise dealt with the issue of slavery. The previous year in 1849 California requested to come in as a free state but the south wanted them to come in as a slave state even thought it was across the country from them. That cause a lot of trouble between the north and the south. The Compromise of 1850 was introduced by senator Henry Clay in a series of resolutions on January 29th, 1850. Henry clay defended his proposals in a speech delivered on February 5th and 6th of 1850. This was significant to the civil war because it caused a lot of tension between the union and the confederate states and it led fighting which was the civil war. This was also cause huge slavery problems, and the north and the south disagreed on a lot of things so it cause frustration.



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The fugitive slave law of 1850

The fugitive law of 1850 was based and referred to the compromise of 1850. In this fugitive, California was gained as a free state, and the prohibition of slave trading in the district of Colombia. Abolitionists hated this law so much. But this law also spurred the ongoing of the Underground Railroad, which had 3,000 stations for helping slaves escape.


Redo: The fugitive slave law was passed by the United States congress on September 18th, 1850 as apart of the compromise of 1850 between the slave holding south and the union. This slave law was based and referred to the compromise of 1850. This was one of the most controversial acts of the compromise of 1850 and it heightened the north fears of a slave power conspiracy. This fugitive declared that all runaway slaves were upon capture and returned to their masters no matter what. This was important to the civil war because the north and south disagreed on this law and the north did not like the idea because even though the slave was on the free soil of the north, they had to return him or her to there master in the south. This cause a lot of arguing so it lead to fighting between the north and the south which was the civil war.


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The dred Scott decision of 1857

In March of 1857, the United States Supreme Court cleared all the black, which meant slavery ended, but they could not and never become the citizens of the U.S. This started with dred Scott. His master who was a officer in the U.S army owned him or several years and soon, his master died. Now since dred was free, he was help freed by abolitionists to sue for his freedom in Supreme Court claiming that he could live freely for a long period of time. But in the month of march in 1857, Scott lost everything and every right to be free, he lost the decision seven to nine and had to remain as a slave. So this lead to the dred Scott decision of 1857, where court agreed to ending slavery.


Adding the significance: This decision was important to the civil war because the north didn't like the way the south treated the slaves and how they had to be send back to the south even when they were on the free soil of the north. The north did not agree, they thought that the slave should have their independence when they were on free soil.


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The Kansas-Nebraska act of 1854

Kansas and Nebraska are both famous for growing corn, wheat, oats and rye. First, you could enter those states with or without slaves, and Frederick Douglas warned that "an open invitation to fierce and bitter strife. In the March on 1855, Kansas elected its first legislature. And soon in January of 1861, Kannada entered the union as a free state.


Redo: The Kansas–Nebraska Act of 1854 created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opening new lands for settlement, and had the effect of repealing the Missouri Compromise of 1820 by allowing settlers in those territories to determine through popular sovereignty whether they would allow slavery within each territory. The initial purpose of the Kansas Nebraska Act was to open up many thousands of new farms and make feasible a Midwestern transcontinential railrod. As a result, the anti slavery elements flooded into Kansas with the goal of voting slavery up or down, which meant that the union states would vote down and the confederate states would vote up, this was very important to the Civil war because with the voting on wether slavery should go up or down, it caused alot of trouble between the two sides so they ended up fighting which lead to a bloody civil war there.


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John brown's raid of 1859

On the evening of Sunday October 16th, 1859 John brown lead a group of 21 men across the Potomac river from Maryland to Virginia. They wanted to capture the weapons stored at the U.S arsenal at Harper's Ferry. His goal was to destroy the slavery in the south and become slave free. John brown's plan was a success, they rounded up 60 townspeople as hostages.


Redo: On the evening of Sunday October 16th, 1859 John brown lead a group of 21 men across the Potomac river from Maryland to Virginia. They wanted to capture the weapons stored at the U.S arsenal at Harper's Ferry. His goal was to destroy the slavery in the south and become slave free. John brown's plan was a success, they rounded up 60 townspeople as hostages. Even though Douglass declined to his offer to fight and had doubt in John Brown, he still managed to fight and win even thought he was wounded. John Brown was later hung and just before his hanging on December 2nd 1859, John Brown uttered a prophetic forewarning of the coming Civil War: "I, John Brown, am now quite certain that the crimes of this guilty land will never be purged away but with blood." This raid was significant to the civil war because John Brown had made an huge impact and people were willing to fight for what they believed in. John Brown's raid and subsequent trial inflamed the dispute between the country's abolitionist and pro slavery factions hardening the lines that separated the North and the Confederate South.


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