Unit 4

Ancient Mediterranean


Artistic traditions of the ancient Near East and dynastic Egypt focused on representing royal figures and divinities and on the function of funerary and palatial complexes within their cultural contexts. Works of art illustrate the active exchange of ideas and reception of artistic styles among the Mediterranean cultures and the subsequent influence on the classical world.

Guiding Questions

  • How does geography shape a culture’s worldview, concerns, and values? How is that reflected in their art and architecture?
  • How do works of art and architecture reflect their historical and cultural context?
  • How can we understand a structure by interpreting its plan?

Required Works of Art

13. Palette of King Narmer

14. Statues of votive figures, from the Square Temple at Eshnunna

15. Seated Scribe

16. Standard of Ur from the Royal Tombs at Ur

17. Great Pyramids of Giza

17-a. Pyramid of Khuf
17-b. Pyramid of Khafre and the Great Sphinx
17-c. Pyramid of Menkaura

18. King Menkaura and Queen

19. The Code Stele of Hammurabi

20. Temple of Amun-Re and Hypostyle Hall

21. Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut

22. Akhenaton, Nefertiti, and three daughters

23. Tutankhamun's tomb, innermost coffin

24. Last judgment of Hu-Nefer, (Book of the Dead)

25. Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II, Dur Sharrukin (modern Iraq)

26. Athenian Agora

27. Anavysos Kouros

28. Peplos Kore from the Acropolis

29. Sarcophagus of the Spouses

30. Audience Hall (apadana) of Darius and Xeres

31. Temple of Minerva (Veii near Rome, Italy), sculpture of Apollo

32. Tomb of the Triclinium

33. Niobides Krater

34. Doryphoros (Spear Bearer)

35. Acropolis

35-a. Parthenon
i. Helios, horses, Dionysus (Heracles?), East Pediment
ii. Frieze, Plaque of the Ergastines)

35-b. Victory adjusting her sandel, Temple of Athena Nike

36. Grave Stele of Hegeso

37. Winged Victory of Samothrace

38. Great Altar of Zeus and Athena at Pergamon

39. House of the Vettii

40. Alexander Mosaic from the House of the Faun, Pompeii

41. Seated Boxer

42. Head of a Roman Patrician

43. Augustus of Prima Porta

44. Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater)

45. Forum of Trajan

45-a. Forum

45-b. Column

45-c. Markets

46. Pantheon

47. Ludovisi Battle Sarcophagus

Unit 4 Resources

OneNote Class Notebook

Click here to access our OneNote Class Notebook

You will be prompted to sign in with your OUSD Microsoft ID:

Username = 6 Digit Student ID + orangeusd.org (123456@orangeusd.org)

Password = Your Birthday (May 10, 1999; 05101999)

Art Through the Ages Textbook

Annotated Mona Lisa PDF book

Abbreviated version of art history. Great for an overview.

Click here to download. If you like this text, let me know. I have some extra copies I can hand out if you prefer a book.

Mesopotamia: The Architects p. 6

Egypt: The Art of Immortality p. 8

Greece: They Invented a lot more than just the Olympics p. 12

Rome: The Organizers p. 16