Hurricanes

By Julian Brantjes

Introduction

Hello fellow reader! In this book you will learn some information about where and how hurricanes form, what sorts of destruction they can do and more information.

Where do they Form?

Hurricanes usually form in temperatures above 26°C. Where they usually form is a little above or below the equator. Hurricanes can be called different names depending on where you live. For example in Asia you call them typhoons, in America you call them hurricanes and in Australia you call them cyclones.

Categories of Hurricanes

Each hurricane has its own category measuring how strong it is. There are 5 categories 1,2,3,4, and 5. A category 1 hurricane has winds from 74-95 mph (119-153 kph). It can cause damage to roofs and gutters. Large branches of trees will snap off and can uproot small plants and trees. Damage to power lines can cause blackouts that will last from a few to several days. A category 2 hurricane can cause extensive damage to roofs. The winds have to be 96-110 mph (154-177 kph) to be a category 2 hurricane. Many shallow rooted trees will be uprooted which will block roads. Near total power losses will last several days to weeks. A category 3 hurricane will have winds from 111-129 mph (178-208 kph). Devastating damage will cause serious damage to roof decks and some damage to walls. Many trees will snap or be uprooted blocking numerous roads. Water and electricity will be unavailable for several days to weeks after the storm. A category 4 hurricane has to have winds from 130-156 mph (209-251 kph). It will cause catastrophic damage to roofs and a lot of exterior walls. Most trees will be uprooted and blocking lots of roads. Power lines will fall and isolate areas. Power outages will for weeks to months. A lot of the area will be uninhabitable for a couple of weeks. A category 5 hurricane is the strongest hurricane, the winds will be 157 mph or more (252 kph or more). Catastrophic damage will destroy homes and make walls and roofs collapse. Fallen trees and power lines will completely isolate areas. Power outages will last from weeks to months. Residential areas will be isolated from weeks to months. This is a picture of a category 1 hurricane

Life of a Hurricane

Hurricanes start when warm water rises and warms the air above. This is what meteorologists call a low pressure system. A low pressure system is when air sucks up all of the air around it like a giant vacuum. Once it does this enough it is officially a tropical depression. A tropical depression is a massive system of wind rotating around a column of low pressure air. The strong winds create big waves and choppy waters while in the center it just keeps getting stronger and stronger. The storm wants to travel in a straight line but the spinning of the earth curves its path. As the system becomes stronger the center of the storm becomes a well defined eye. While the winds are strongest around the eye in the eye it be sunny sometimes even calm. Once the storm is strong enough it officially becomes a category 1 hurricane. If the water stays warm or it stays in warm water it will keep getting stronger and stronger and stronger until it reaches land.
Hurricane Katrina Day by Day

Top 5 deadliest Hurricanes

Hurricanes can do some serious damage. Here are the top five deadliest hurricanes in recorded history.


5.Sea Island Hurricane. It hit Georgia and South Carolina in 1893 with an estimated 1000-2000 deaths


4. Cheniere Caminanda hit Louisiana in 1893 with an estimated 1100-1400 fatalities.



3. Hurricane Katrina hit Louisiana and South Carolina in 2005 with an estimated 1200 deaths.


2. Okeechobe Hurricane battered Florida in 1928 with 2500 to 3000 deaths.


1. The Galveston Hurricane shook Texas in 1900 with an estimated 8000-12000 deaths which I think deserves 1st place.


Aftermath of a Hurricane

When hurricanes hit land they start to weaken because there is no warm water to feed the hurricane. It ends in a big downpour. But before they are through they can cause some serious damage. The winds of the storm can cause houses to be destroyed and power lines and trees to fall down causing roads to be blocked and residential areas to be isolated.
Hurricane Destruction

Conclusion

Hurricanes are deadly forces of nature. But you can be prepared. Make a plan with your family of what will happen if a hurricane hits? I hope that this book taught you some stuff about hurricanes.