Visit the South Texas Plains

The animals

The Land

The South Texas plains and brush country stretches from the edges of the Hill Country into the subtropical regions of the Lower Rio Grande valley. Much of the area is dry and covered with grasses and thorny brush such as mesquite and prickly pear cacti.


This region has some historically important sites. When the Spanish built missions, they usually built a presidio, or fort, to protect the mission. The Goliad State Historical Park has the oldest fort in the western United States, the Presidio La Bahia. The post was originally built to house Spanish soldiers assigned to protect a nearby mission. The mission was called Mission Espiritu Santo. Espiritu Santo and La Bahia are special because they are the only pair of mission and presidio buildings left in the United States! The first large cattle ranch in Texas was started at the Goliad mission and presidio complex