What causes depression?

Shelby Haws

What causes depression

Were you recently diagnosed with depression? Maybe a family member or a friend was diagnosed with depression. Have you ever wondered what it was or maybe what caused it? Depression may accur for a variety of reasons. You just need to remember you are definitely not alone an estimated 350 million people of all ages suffer from depression. Chances are you know someone else with depression. It can also be hard to detect for zome people, and can occur for many reasons. Some people may experience it during a serious medicasl illness. Maybe life changes such as a death of a loved one. It can also run in your family. The hippocampus, a small part of the brain that is vital to the storage of memories, appears to be smaller in some people with a history of depression than in those who've never been depressed. A smaller hippocampus has fewer serotonin receptors. One of many brain chemicals known as neurotransmitters that allow communication across circuits that connect different brain regions involved in processing emotions, is Serotonin. The latest scans and studies of brain structure and function suggest that antidepressants can exert what are called "neurotrophic effects," meaning that they can help sustain nerve cells, prevent them from dying, and allow them to form stronger connections that withstand biological stresses.

What are the main causes?

Abuse-Past or current abuse Wether it be physical, sexual, or emotional, abuse it can increase the likelyhood of depression.

Medication-Some medications my cause depression as a side effect.

Conflict- may result from personal conflicts or disputes with family or friends.

Death/loss- Sadness greif from the death or loss a loved one.

Major events- Good and bad event can lead up to depression the syndrome of clinical depression is not a normal response to stressful life events.

Personal problems- Socal isolation due to other mental illness or being cast out by family or social groups may increase the risk of clinical depression.

Substance abuse- Nearly 30% of peoplw with substance abuse have a type of depression.

Genetics- Depression can sometimes run in families. This suggests that there's at least a partial genetic link to depression. Children, siblings, and parents of people with severe depression are somewhat more likely to suffer from depression than are members of the general population. Multiple genes interacting with one another in special ways probably contribute to the various types of depression that run in families. Yet despite the evidence of a family link to depression, it is unlikely that there is a single "depression" gene, but rather, many genes that each contribute small effects toward depression when they interact with the environment.

""Depression Symptoms and Warning Signs." Depression Symptoms & Warning Signs: How to Recognize Depression Symptoms and Get Effective Help. Web. 03 May 2016."

Causes

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms

Sadness or downswings in mood are normal reactions to life’s struggles, setbacks, and disappointments. Many people use the word depression to explain these kinds of feelings, but depression isnt just sadness. Some depressed people don't feel sad at all—they may feel lifeless, empty, and apathetic, or men in particular may even feel angry, aggressive, and restless, it engulfs your day-to-day life, interfering with your ability to work, study, eat, sleep, and have fun. The feelings of helplessness, hopelessness, and worthlessness are intense and unrelenting, with little, if any, relief. When the symptoms are overwhelming and disabling, that's when it's time to seek help.

Feelings of helplessness or hopelessness- nothing will ever get better.

Loss of interest in daily activities- No interest in former hobbies

Appetite or weight changes- Significant weight loss/gain

Sleep changes- Insomnia/Hypersomnia

Anger or arritability- Tolerance level is low, short temper.

loss of energy- Feeling tired, sluggish, physically drained

Self loathing- Storng feelings of worthlessness, guilt.

Reckless behavior- Substance abuse, Extreme gambling, wreakless driving, dangerous sports

Concentration problems- Trouble focusing, remebering things, making decisions

Unexplained aches and pains- Increase in physical complaints, headache, back/stomach pains, aching muscles.

Depression is also major risk factor for suicide. The deep despair and hopelessness that goes along with depression can make suicide feel like the only way to escape the pain.

""Depression Symptoms and Warning Signs." Depression Symptoms & Warning Signs: How to Recognize Depression Symptoms and Get Effective Help. Web. 03 May 2016."

How do you recover?

The strick to depression recovery is to start with small goals and build from there. use whatever resources you have. You may not have much energy, but you probably have enough to take a short walk around the block or pick up the phone to call a loved one. Spend time talking and listening face-to-face with trusted people and share what you’re going through. The people you talk to don’t have to be able to fix you; they just need to be good listeners. Ask for the help and support you need. You may have retreated from your most treasured relationships, but emotional connection can help. Also, somethimes it feels more comfortable to retreat into your shell, but being around other people will make you feel less depressed. Maybe even being in a support group could help Being with others dealing with depression can go a long way in reducing your sense of isolation. You can also encourage each other, give and receive advice on how to cope, and share your experiences. major studies show that regular exercise can be as effective as antidepressant medication at increasing energy levels and decreasing feelings of fatigue. Physical activity triggers new cell growth in the brain, it also gives you endorphins which help boost your mood. Even very small activities that get your arms and legs moving can add up over the course of a day.

""Dealing with Depression." : Self-Help and Coping Tips to Overcome Depression. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 May 2016."