Sts. Philip Neri & Teresa of Avila

Graham Ohmstede

Reforming the Orders

St. Philip of Neri helped to bring back a spirit of piety to the Eternal City (Rome). St. Philip founded the Oratorians, a congregation of secular priests who helped themselves to the spiritual formation and support of the clergy. In 1559, the book The Centuries attempted to discredit the Church hierarchy and discredit the Pope's authority. St. Philip appointed Cardinal Baronius to publish Annales Ecclesiastici, in twelve volumes, in response to The Centuries.

St. Teresa of Avila

As a young Carmelite nun, St. Teresa's early life was plagued by serious illness. Through these sufferings, she began to practice mental prayer (aka meditation) and became immersed in God. St. Teresa established the Discalced Carmelites, believing God wanted her to found a covenant of perpetual prayer. She founded sixteen houses in her new order. Pope Paul VI named St. Teresa a doctor of the Church in 1970. She is one of the only three female doctors of the Church.
St. Teresa of Avila