7 Principles of Government

By: Frida Perez

Popular Sovereignty

Definition: states that the government has all their power thanks to the people of the United States

Example: thanks to the people of America women were able to start voting in 1920

Quote: The Preamble of the Constitution states: “We the People of the United States.... do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”

Republicanism

Definition: basically says that the people elect representatives and the presidents

Example: the people elect a new president every 4 years

Quote: Article II: provides for a President and a Vice President to be elected every four years.

Federalism

Definition: The power is divided between the national government and the state government.

Example: there is a list of powers of the Congress.

There are some powers that aren't assigned to the nation but also not denied to the states.

Quote:Amendment 10: Powers not delegated to the national government and not denied to the states are reserved to the states or to the people

Separation of Powers

Definition: all the governments power is dived into 3 branches: Legislative, Executive and Judicial.

Example: the Legislative branch isn't more powerful than the Judicial branch

Quote: Article I: creates a Legislative branch and assigns that branch its duties and powers.

Checks & Balances

Definition: one branch can't overpower the others

Example: the Judicial branch cannot overpower the others

Quote: Article III: does not specifically give the judicial branch any check over the other two branches...

Limited Government

Definition: the government has limits and can't do whatever are it wants

Example: the government can't just declare war to another country

Quote:Article VI makes the Constitution, only those laws made in pursuance of the Constitution, and treaties the “Supreme Law of the Land.

Individual Rights

Definition: everyone has the right to have personal rights

Example: a police can't come to your home and start searching it without a warrant

Quote: XIV Amandment: Due process of law and equal protection of the law for all persons...

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