Clara Barton

Angels of the Battlefield

The Life of Clara Barton

  • Clara was born on December 25, 1821 in Oxford, Massachusetts and died on April 12, 1912 at her home in Glen Echo, Maryland.
  • She became a teacher at the age of 15 and opened a free public school in New Jersey.
  • Nicknamed "the angel of the battlefield" because she would go out during the battle and care for the wounded soldiers at Fredericksburg, Virginia and Antietam.
  • During the Civil war she encouraged other doctors to wash their hands and tools before going to care for the next wounded soldier.
  • The American Red Cross Society was founded in 1881 by Clara Barton and she served as its first president.