Types of Mining


Surface Mining

Surface mining, including strip mining, open-pit mining and mountaintop removal mining, is a broad category of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit (the overburden) are removed.


The differen between

Surface Mining

  • Safer and easier than subsurface mining.
  • Does more damage to the surface ecosystems than subsurface
  • Creates more of a mess than subsurface or open cut mining.

Subsurface Mining
  • Not as much widespread damage to ecosystems
  • Difficult and expensive to dig
  • Very dangerous conditions can include collapses, released gases, particulates in the air, low oxygen, and heat

Each tape of mining

The act,process,or industry of extrating coal,ores,etc,from the Earth.