Atlantic Slave Trade

『By Cassandra Davis』

【I N F O R M A T I O N】

The Atlantic slave trade, also called transatlantic slave trade or the triangular trade, took place in the 15th through the 19th century across the Atlantic ocean. The Old World, which included Europe and Africa, traded with the New World, which was the Americas, and vice versa.
The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade

【Development of the Triangular Trade】

Within the fifteenth century, Portuguese ships sailed down the West African coast in a maneuver designed to bypass the Muslim North Africans, who had a virtual monopoly on the trade of sub-Saharan gold, spices, and other commodities that the continent of Europe wanted. These voyages resulted in maritime discoveries and advances in shipbuilding that later on would make it easier for European vessels to navigate the Atlantic. ocean Over time, the Portuguese vessels added another commodity to their cargo: African men, women, and even children.


Slaves that Africa traded were the biggest part of the Atlantic slave trade; they were used to harvest the crops for no cost at all. The trip across the Atlantic ocean, known as the Middle Passage, generally took 6 to 8 weeks. The ship ride was a terrible experience to the Africans; they tried to cram as many people as possible into the ship so they have maximum amount of space, this made travel more profitable. Sometimes when things got too much, the Africans jumped overboard so they wouldn't have to bare the life of a slave.

〖Raw Materials〗

Raw materials that the Americas traded includes sugarcane, tobacco, rice, cotton, oil, fish, and even more. The slaves that got shipped off to the Americas had to work on plantations so Europe could get benifit part in the trade—the raw materials and rum.

〖Manufactured Goods〗

Manufactured goods that the Europeans traded includes guns and ammunition, furniture, cloth and tools. The Europeans traded the manufactured goods to Africa, leading Africans to be shipped off to the Americas where the produce raw materials on the plantations. There, the raw materials the slaves produce are shipped off to Europe, this completing the trading cycle.

Olaudah Equiano

Olaudah was one of millions of Africans that got shipped off to become a slave for the rest of his life. Though he is long gone, his quotes live. This is an example of one of his many quotes;

"...I thought I could plainly trace the hand of God, without whose permission a sparrow cannot fall. I began to raise my fear from man to him alone, and to call daily on his holy name with fear and reverence: and I trust he heard my supplications, and graciously condescended to answer me according to his holy word, and to implant the seeds of piety in me, even one of the meanest of his creatures."

"But is not the slave trade entirely a war with the heart of man? And surely that which is begun by breaking down the barriers of virtue involves in its continuance destruction to every principle, and buries all sentiments in ruin!"


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