NC vs NY

The first fifty years of the colonies

New York-- A Northern State

When the first colonists, the Dutch, settled in New York in 1609, then known as New Amsterdam, most colonists were interested in the Fur Trade. Henry Hudson scoped out the land and claimed the land for the Dutch, and then the West India Trade Company. When trade in New Amsterdam flopped, the Dutch had 30 families settle the area known as Manhattan. The Dutch purchased the land from a tribe of Native Americans, just not the ones who inhabited the land. This started a tumultuous relationship between the Native Americans and the Dutch. They were viewed as a problem to colonization, and in the late 1630s and mid 1640s, there was a campaign to get rid of the Native Americans in the area. In 1640, when the West India Company, after being successful, gave up its trade monopoly, the Dutch moved out of Manhattan (Fort Orange), out of Rondout Valley to the Hudson Valley. The colonists began to fight with the Esopus Native Americans, and in 1657, the colonists were ordered to wipe out the Esopus. So colonists took down their homes, and built a wall between them and the Esopus. In 1664, after years of fighting, they came to an agreement.

New York was named such in 1664, after the Duke of York.

Most of its trade was in iron works, and furs.

North Carolina-- A Southern State

North Carolina was named after a latin version of King Charles II's name. After many complications of colonization of Virginia, settlers moved down south after discovering a cash crop, tobacco. However, Carolina became hard to rule in one bunch of land. It was split in two the north and south, and the South Carolina became a royal colony, directly under the rule of the king. Proprietors in North Carolina had a hard time gathering taxes from uncooperative colonists. In 1729, seven out of eight proprietors of North Carolina sold their shares of the land back to England. One proprietor, John Cartaret, descendent of one of the original proprietors, did not sell his share, and owned what would become known as Granville District. North Carolina became a royal colony after the shares were sold. In 1629, 36,000 people lived in the Albemarle region. Slaves were legal from the beginning, and began to arrive in North Carolina in the 1680s.

Most of the trade in North Carolina relied on tobacco, and slave labor.

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