Principal Retention Proposal

Hafedh Azaiez


  • In this proposed study, the researcher will examine the factors that influence the retention of urban high school principals.
  • The study will investigate the challenges, support, preparation, and accomplishments facing these select high school principals during their tenure as urban high school principal. Texas’ average stay for a high school principal is less than four years

Problem Statement

  • Average tenure for a high school principal in Texas is 3.95 years.
  • Only 50% of high school principals will remain in their jobs longer than three years.

Research Problem

What influences select high performing principals’ retention at comprehensive urban high schools in large urban district in Texas?


  • The purpose of this qualitative study is to understand the lived experiences of urban high school principals who remain in large urban high school campus for more than four years.
  • The study seeks to identify some common factors that influenced their decision to remain as a principal of a large urban high school for a longer than the average.


  • In this qualitative study, the population will consist of urban high school principals who have at least five years of experience as urban high school. Purposeful sampling is usually used as an appropriate method for selecting participants in this type of studies.
  • Participants will be working as urban high school principals and will have at least five years serving as an urban high school principal.


  • For this research study, an interview protocol was developed to gather data in response to the research questions.
  • My research questions will be grounded on the literature review.
  • The protocol will be pre-tested on one urban high school principal.

Role of the Researcher

  • Due to my experience as an urban principal and urban district leader, I will disclose my personal experiences, biases, and assumptions.
  • I will bracket myself out of the study and allow the readers to determine the degree to which bias contributed to research outcome.

Data Colection Procedure

  • The researcher will use descriptive questions that include grand-tour, mini-tour, example, and experience questions (Spradley, 1979) in order to collect the necessary data.
  • Participants will be interviewed and tape recorded using open ended questions.
  • To minimize bias, a verbatim transcription of interviews will be used.
  • The transcripts of the interviews will be coded and analyzed using Phenomenological Reduction Method.

Data Analysis

  • The data will be analyzed using a first round of descriptive coding where significant statements are identified and recorded.
  • Significant statements will be analyzed and grouped into larger units of information and emerging themes.
  • Several coding cycles and horizontalization will be conducted.
  • Constant comparison analysis will be used as a method to obtain saturation of themes and identify the subthemes


  • Threats to internal validation in experimental studies as well as threats to external validation need be identified due their effects in diminishing the research comparability and translatability.
  • The researcher will clarify past experiences, interpretations, prejudices, negative or positive orientation, and biases from the onset.
  • Triangulation of the information using multiple and different sources and methods will be used to provide validity to the finding of the study.
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