13 Colonies

Maggie Hohfeler, 7th

Jamestown

1. Founded in 1607, in Chesapeake Bay

2. Virginia Company- joint stock company looking for profit.

3. Swampy, bad water, land was bad- lead to disease and starvation and many people dying

4. House of Burgesses- created in 1619

5. John Smith- military leader who saves Jamestown by ordering the men around and teaches them how to survive.

6. "Starving Times" (1609-1610)- A period of time after John Smith leaves when starvation is rampant and kills many people.

7. John Rolfe- Father of tobacco, he saved Jamestown by creating their cash crop.

8. Tobacco- started by John Rolfe, this cash crop saved Jamestown. They were able to sell it and create a profit. This ruined the soil, however, and also created a need for slavery.

9. The men were aristocratic, young, Church of England members.

10. Anglo-Powhatan wars (1610, 1614)- This is important because the peace treaty that ended the wars in 1646 created the reservation system and gave Indians a place in European economy, even if they didn't like it.


Massachusetts Bay colony

1. Refuge for Puritans

2. After dismiss of Parliament and persecution, non-Seperatists got charter from Massachusetts Bay company- first wave of migration 1630's

3. John Winthrop- 1st governor

4. Fur, fishing and ship building

5. Had a sense of unity- God was calling them to build a Godly, example society

6. Adult Puritan males could vote; town government more inclusive- male property holders- however, not a democracy

7. Religious leaders had huge influence; but power of preacher not absolute- congregation hired and fired

8. Quakers persecuted

9. Anne Hutchinson- believed in predestination- if you were predestined, no need to follow the law of God or man, banished to Rhode Island

10. Roger Williams- extreme Separatist, challenged legality of charter, denied authority of government to regulate religious behavior, he fled.

Pennsylvania

1. Started by William Penn as a haven for Quakers in 1681

2. Penn wanted to test the waters with a liberal government. (No paid clergy, simple meetings, no taxes go to church, etc)

3. Quakers were pacifists and they treated Native Americans fairly.

4. Representative assembly elected by land owners

5. Religious tolerance- however under London law Catholics and Jews couldn't vote or hold office.

6. Proprietary colony

7. No military defense

8. No restrictions on immigration

9. Strong dislike of slavery

10. Blue laws- "Ungodly revelers" couldn't have stage plays, playing cards, dice, games and excessive hilarity

11. Modern, many ethnic groups and religious misfits

Maryland

1. Proprietary colony, created in 1634

2. Lord Baltimore absentee proprietor

3. Gave land to his Catholic relatives

4. They got nice houses and lifestyle.

5. Became religious freedom for Catholics

6. Act of Toleration- 1649- all Christians were given religious freedom

7. Healthier than Jamestown

8. Tobacco- main crop

9. Act of Toleration sparked Protestants treating Catholics like they were in England

10. Jamestown Protestants moved to Maryland to get better land

Georgia

1. Founded by James Oglethorpe in 1733

2. Last of the 13 colonies

3. Buffer colony- buffer between valuable Carolinas and Spanish Florida and French Louisiana

4. Received subsidies from Britain to cover costs of defense

5. Export silk and wine

6. Slavery didn't come into Georgia until 1750- tried to keep it out

7. All Christians but Catholics welcome

8. Haven for debtors

9. Savannah, port city, very diverse

10. Grew slowly- bad climate, early restrictions on black slavery, and Spanish attacks added to this