Constitutional Convention

Virginia and New Jersey Plans

The Constitutional Convention

It was known as the 100 day debate, The point of the event was to decide how America was going to be governed. Although the Convention had been officially call to revise the existing AoC, many delegates had bigger plans. They wanted to create a new government rather than fix it.

Problems at the Convention

The convention was set up to address the problems of the weak central government that existed under the Articles of Confederation. The United States Constitution that emerged from the convention established a federal government with more specific powers, including those related to conducting relations with foreign governments.

Virginia Plan

It was a proposal by Virginia delegates for a bicameral legislative branch. it was an idea of representation according to population. Source of its power would be the people, congress would pass laws by simple majority, Power to regulate taxes and commerce, and the people would approve the new plan of government.

New Jersey Plan

It was a proposal that benefited the smaller states more by having all states have equal number of votes. States would have the national power, unicameral congress, the states would have the national power, and the state legislature would approve the new plan government

James Madison

The Virginia delegation was headed by James Madison and is why he gets all the credit for the Virginia plan.

Edmund Randolph

He was the Governor of Virginia who came up with the Virginia plan mostly but wasn't the head of the delegation so he didn't get as much credit

John Dickensin

He said that some of the members from the small States wish for two branches in the General Legislature, but they would sooner submit to a foreign power, than submit to be deprived of an equality of suffrage, in both branches of the legislature, and thereby be thrown under the domination of the large states.

William Paterson

William Paterson had a passion for order. He wanted nothing more than to put an end to the rebellions and disorder that had arisen from the current state of the national government. He feared that smaller states like his own would be overtaken by the larger ones without specific protections.

Citations

"United States Constitutional Convention". Constitutionfacts.com. N. p., 2016. Web. 20 Sept. 2016.

"James Madison - Father Of The US Constitution". Constitutionfacts.com. N. p., 2016. Web. 20 Sept. 2016.

"United States Constitutional Convention". Constitutionfacts.com. N. p., 2016. Web. 20 Sept. 2016.

"Milestones: 1784–1800 - Office Of The Historian". History.state.gov. N. p., 2016. Web. 20 Sept. 2016.

"The Constitutional Convention: The New Jersey Plan". ConSource. N. p., 2016. Web. 20 Sept. 2016.

"John Dickinson". Wikipedia. N. p., 2016. Web. 20 Sept. 2016.