By Zach Floyd
- Continent: Africa
- Nearest oceans and other countries: Mediterranean Sea,Namibia
- Capital and major cities: Pretoria, Cape town, Bloemfontein
- Size: 471,400 miles
- Land-forms: Table Mountain, Robbin Island, Boulders Beach
- Natural resources: Gold, Uranium, Copper
Trade: Corn, diamonds, fruits, gold and metals
Currency: South african rand
Head of government: Jacob Zuma
Military: South African National Defense Force
Foreign policy: Russia, China, Zimbabwe
2000 December - ANC prevails in local elections. Recently-formed Democratic Alliance captures nearly a quarter of the votes. The Inkatha Freedom Party wins 9%.
2001 December - High Court rules that pregnant women must be given Aids drugs to help prevent transmission of the virus to their babies.
2003 November - Government approves major programme to treat and tackle HIV/Aids. It envisages network of drug-distributon centres and preventative programmes. Cabinet had previously refused to provide anti-Aids medicine via public health system.
2010 August - Civil servants stage nation-wide strike.
Ethnic groups: Zulu, Xhosa, Swazi
Life expectancy: 56 years
Languages spoken: English, Zulu, Xhosa
Education: Governed by two national departments