Refresh

By: Kate Harris, Karen Lu, Avery Holt, Chloe Barker

Purpose

Our science fair project objective is to make a healthy sports drink that will keep the athlete’s energy level high before, during and after a game/workout. Hopefully, our product will help athlete's performance level increase greatly. We want our beverage to taste good, yet still be healthy.

Present Technology

Most Popular

Gatorade, Powerade, Vitamin Water, SoBe Life Water, Propel, and Neuro.

1st: Gatorade

  • Most popular
  • Boosts energy level by providing carbohydrates-sugars, starches and fibers found in fruits, grains, vegetables and milk products. One of the three main ways the body obtains energy, or calories. Although our body needs calories to survive, consuming too many calories leads to too much fat in our cells, making it extremely difficult to get rid of.
  • 63 calories per 8 fluid ounces of regular Gatorade
  • Sugar may cause dental erosion on teeth

2nd: Powerade

  • Similar to Gatorade
  • 50 calories per 8 fluid ounces

3rd: Vitamin Water

  • Very similar to SoBe Life Water and Propel (vitamins and electrolytes)
  • Added vitamins: Vitamins C, E, B3, B6, B12, B5
  • Easily drink 125 calories per bottle, 15 fluid ounces shy of calories in a can of Coca-Cola

History

Main Purpose

  • Stay hydrated
  • Replace electrolytes
  • Provide carbohydrates for use of energy

Creation of Gatorade

In 1965, the Florida university coach questioned why his football players were being affected by the heat, so he created Gatorade. This drink was named after their school mascot, the Gators.

Calories and Carbohydrates

Per 8 fluid ounces:

  • 50-80 calories
  • 14-17 grams of carbohydrates

Electrolytes

Electrolytes affect the amount of water in your body and the muscle functions, and you lose them as you sweat. To replace the lost electrolytes, you need to drink liquids and consume foods that include electrolytes.

Anti-Sugar Belief

Anti-sugar belief is that specific fast-acting sugars will cause your energy to increase, but then will have an energy crash that affects a performance in a highly negative way. For this viewpoint, slower-acting sugars and non-sugar carbohydrates are better, because they use a steady supply of energy that does not end in a crash of energy.

When to Consume Sports Drinks

The general rule is to use sports drinks for endurance runs lasting longer than 90 minutes or high-intensity workouts lasting about 60 minutes.

Future Technology

  • We are developing a new drink that is healthy and replenishes electrolytes, so athletes can stay hydrated during and after exercise.

  • We want to create and evaluate something that doesn't have too many calories and sugar. Our goal is to construct a beverage with just as many beneficial factors as the other drinks, but is also healthy and is worth drinking, with little to no side effects.

  • We need the drink to have potassium and sodium, but still have a pleasing flavor for the consumer. For the sugar, we would like to use something more natural, to make it taste good, but not be too unhealthy, such as fruits.

Elaborated in Design Process

Design Process

In order to create the most effective design possible for the beverage, we had to evaluate the different ingredients needed to sustain an athlete’s energy level before, during, and after the game.

Remove

  • Artificial ingredients
  • Refined sugars
  • Other carcinogens (substance that is an agent directly involved in causing cancer)

Add

  • Antioxidants (prohibits and prevents the oxidation of some molecules in the body)
  • Iodine (synthesization of thyroid hormones)
  • Natural sugars (replaces refined sugars: fruits such as apples)
  • Carbohydrates (immediate energy)
  • Electrolytes

Antioxidants

  • Purple, red and blue grapes
  • Blueberries
  • Red berries (strawberries and raspberries)

Iodine

  • Cranberries
  • Organic Strawberries

Carbohydrates

20 grams of carbs per serving:

  • Apples
  • Pears
  • Bananas
  • Grapes

79 grams:

  • One-half cup serving of raisins

69 grams:

  • 10 dates

Electrolytes

  • Sodium: foods containing salt
  • Chloride: form of table salt and salt in prepared foods
  • Potassium: bananas, kiwis, pomegranate, cherries, grapes
  • Calcium: dairy, figs, oranges
  • Magnesium: bananas, flax seed, different nuts

Longer Shelf LIfe

  • Potassium benzoate (ensures freshness: inhibits the growth of mold, yeast and some bacteria)
  • Gum acacia (emulsifies and stabilizes flavors and beverages)
  • Calcium disodium (protects flavor)

Bases

  • Juice Celery + Apple + Lemon
  • Stir Sea Salt + Baking Soda + Lemon Juice + Maple Syrup into 8 ounces of Water
  • Shake Raw Coconut Water + Chia Seeds
  • Blend Frozen Banana + Almond Milk + Kale
Big image

Breakthroughs

Potassium Benzoate

When dissolved in liquid, potassium benzoate separates into its two parts, the electrolyte potassium and the benzoate salt. While benzoate by itself appears to be harmless, certain chemical reactions may convert it into a more harmful compound called benzene. When benzoate is exposed to light and heat in the presence of vitamin C, it can be converted into benzene, a kind of carcinogen.

Plan of Action

Since our drink should be beneficial to athletes and completely free of carcinogens and be able to retain its freshness over a long period of time, then we have two different options: don't include Vitamin C in our drink or warn consumers to keep the beverage below a certain temperature.

Government Decision

The Environmental Protection Agency defines safe drinking water as having less than 5 parts per billion, or ppb, of benzene. Accordingly, the FDA has adopted this maximum allowable limit for consumer-based beverages.

Consequences

Benefits

If we created a health drink, then athletes would have all of the necessary daily vitamins and electrolytes that will keep them hydrated without the unnecessary calories and sugars, improving the athlete's performance and reducing the soreness and stress of the muscle after the workout.

Sugar

Gives you and energy spike, but has a significant energy crash. Because of this, we would want to provide natural sugars that the body needs.

Risks

We will have to have a balance of caffeine that would not affect your body.
  • Sports drinks have a large amount that is primarily caffeine and that can have effects on your body this includes age, weight, and caffeine tolerance. They can cause nervousness, headache, increased blood pressure and elevated heart rate.

  • Without all of the artificial ingredients, the drink may not have as many ingredients, thus leading to less nutrients (discussed in Breakthroughs)

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