U.S History Vocabulary

by Kaysie Torrez

Spoils System

The act of appointing applicants to public offices as a reward for their loyalty to the political party in power.

The people in the picture are wanting a piece of the government "pie" but the government can only give so many positions (pieces) to the people who deserve it.

"Spoils System • Images Video Information". 2016. Images Video Information. Accessed September 17 2016. http://sciencepole.com/spoils-system/#.

Pendleton Act-

A law enacted in in 1883, which established that the government should be awarded the basis of merit instead of political affiliation.

Part of Morality-

Beliefs about what is right behavior and what is wrong behavior.

Interstate Commerce Commission-

A regulatory agency in the United States created by the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887.

Sherman Antitrust Act-

A law passed by Congress in 1890 that is a landmark federal statute. It is the "antitrust" law or the "competition law"

The picture to the right is showing a visual representation of what being in the monopoly business is like. With other competitors and such.


Populism is the belief in the power or regular people.

The Grange-

A farmers association organized in 1867. They sponsor social activities, community service, and political lobbying.

The sign is a sign for the Grange telling about all they supported.

"The Grange Mural | Frederick County Public Libraries". 2016. Fcpl.Org. Accessed September 17 2016. http://www.fcpl.org/departments/thurmont-center-regional-agricultural-history/grange-mural.

16th Amendment-

The amendment that states that the congress has the power to collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several states, and without any regard to any census or enumeration.

William Jennings Bryan-

A congressman that delivered a Cross of Gold speech that favored free silver. He also tried to run for president but couldn't.

Jim Crow Laws-

State and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States.

To the left, a picture of a sign with the word "colored" it was a sign to keep whites and blacks separated in society.

Ida B. Wells-

A woman who strived for African-American justice.

17th Amendment-

The senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each state, and elected by the people every six years.

18th Amendment-

The 18th Amendment was the prohibition of the consumption of Alcohol and it took effect in 1919, but failed.

The picture represents the signs that they put up during the prohibition period.

19th Amendment-

All men and women are created equal, and should be treated equal. In this case, equal voting rights. (Passed in 1920)

The picture on the left is a picture of two women protestors protesting their rights and equality.

"19Th Amendment | From Playgrounds To Politics". 2016.Fromplaygroundstopolitics.Com. Accessed September 17 2016. https://fromplaygroundstopolitics.com/tag/19th-amendment/.

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory-

A factory that burnt down in 1911 and killed 145 workers. Most of the victims died due to safety issues. Like doors that wouldn't unlock properly. The main workers of this factory were largely immigrants.

Pictured to the right is a picture of the Triangle Shirtwaist factory after it burnt down in 1911.

"Nycdata: Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire - 1911". 2016. Baruch.Cuny.Edu. Accessed September 17 2016. http://www.baruch.cuny.edu/nycdata/disasters/fires-triangle_shirtwaist.html.