Gifted and Talented

By: Nicholas Aaron

What is Gifted and Talented?

Gifted and Talented is defined by the US department of Education as children who are identified by professionally qualified persons who by virtue of outstanding abilities are capable of high performance. (U.S. Department of Education, Maryland, Washington, and Elementary & Secondary Education Title IX)

Children can demonstrate achievement in these areas:

- General Intellectual ability

- Specific Academic Aptitude

- Creative or Productive Thinking

- Leadership Ability

- Visual or Performing Arts

- Psychomotor Ability


These children can be identified at an early age, and usually express uniqueness almost from birth. These children are usually between 3 and 5 percent of the school population according to the Department of Education. However the average is around to 6.7% of the population. Some states have deferring definitions of what it means to be Gifted and Talented , thus states like Maryland have high prevalence of 16.1% compared to states like Massachusetts which has as .7%.


They are be identified through some common characteristics such as:

- Reasoning abstractly

- Has wide interests

- Remembers great amounts of material

- Critical of self

- Exhibits individualism

- Uses different modes of expression

Are there learning obstacles to being G&T?

Being Gifted and Talented is challenging for many students. Funding for programs is no universal and suffers from decade to decade. Since Gifted and Talented is not included in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, it does not receive Federal Funding. These means that children with talents are left with normal work and increasingly find themselves bored with work or that their learning is curbed. They often get frustrated and angry over the lack of engagement in class. Students that are Gifted and Talented are also able to be "twice-exceptional students." This means they have a learning disability.

To learn more about what it is like to be gifted and talented, check out the following video:

Gifted children

Instructional Practices

Interference with Learning

Many students who are Gifted and Talented have difficulties in normal classrooms. They find much of the assignments and materials too easy. This leads to them becoming frustrated in class. They may also have a hard time engaging in class. There is also examples of these students acting out because they cannot stand their talents being marginalized in easy programs.

Strategies for the Classroom

The best types of accommodations for these classrooms are Differentiated Curriculum and Enrichment.

Differentiated Curriculum is when students receive enhanced learning experiences that are above and beyond those provided to typical learners through the general education curriculum. (TEXT BOOK REFERENCES INCOMPLETE) This is very important for students to gain the knowledge the class is learning and stoke the intellectual fires by going more in depth to keep the student engaged.


Enrichment is a type of differentiated education that add topics, broadens the content, and provides more depth. These programs allow for students to gain more knowledge while being more engaged. Some examples are

-Independent study projects

-Summer programs

-Internships

-After school groups


The most popular program is the SEM or Schoolwide Enrichment Model. This breaks students into levels which challenges 3 types of skill categories.

-Exploratory Activities

-Group Training Activities

-Individual and Small Group Investigations

These provide extra work for students to explore what really interests them.

Teachers TV: Gifted and Talented

Links to Data-based Practices

Home Strategies

Students who are Gifted and Talented are able to have several strategies for enhancing their gifts at their homes. The first way to help them is when they are young. Experts say that creative stifling occurs during the young child's life when parents let them watch TV all day and play with toys that stifle creativity such as speaking dolls, video games that only care about achievement. This is important to note as it makes children think less creatively and do less problem solving. Many times if the gifts are not encouraged at home, then the children are more likely to dropout of school and become underachievers. Parents can put their children in after-school groups such as special interest clubs. Giving Children access to technology such as the Internet can also foster more development. Students may also be encouraged to go to a magnet school.

The most important thing a parent can do is to be supportive and encourage their kids to do the best they can. Setting expectations to high can be damaging if they cannot continue to achieve. Parents can do take these home strategies into practice by researching what they find best for their child. Being social and not isolating the child with the TV will help determine if they are talented at a young age. Encourage the creativity and finding their passions is just as important.

Website Resources

Exquisite Minds

This site allows parents to learn about more enrichment opportunities with tips, toys, games, and other resources to help creative children.

Summer Camps for Gifted Children

This is a site that allows parents to search for summer camps for their children to have a learning summer with top-notch programs.

Gifted Exchange

This blog allows for parents to communicate with other parents and share ideas, tips, and stories about dealing with Gifted and Talented students.


Wikipanion (App)

This is an app that allows the wikipedia encyclopedia to be a companion to text. It allows students to browse and gather in-depth information while reading.

Resources used in Brochure

Smith, D., & Tyler, N. (2014). Introduction to Contemporary Special Education: New Horizons (1st ed.). Pearson.


U.S. Department of Education (The Maryland Definition) Maryland (pp. 10-11); Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office 1972., and Elementary & Secondary Education Title IX - General Provisions, SEC. 9101. Defintions., U.S. Department of Education


Giftedness Defined. (n.d.). Retrieved November 30, 2015, from http://www.nsgt.org/giftedness-defined/