The Renaissance - AD 400 to AD 1400

By: Jessica Valdez and Alexis Wilson

Introduction

During the Renaissance era there was a lot of medical theories made on the human body. They studied the anatomy and disease that occurs in the patient. The most recolonized doctors was the Islamic people who increased the ability of medical help; special priest were involved as well.

Discoveries and Accomplishments

  • Europe came up with the theoretical knowledge of medicine but was generated by the Islamic who considered to be the real medical informative's, but their hypothesis lead them to tragic ( Aristotle and Pliny the Elder) .


  • Embalming led to increased understanding of anatomy and disease , this lead them to a better source of understanding human body without harming the patient.

Ex : “bloodletting”was the use of leeches curing by taken out the bacteria or when blood is clotted.


  • Mideast were educated Muslim who came to Europe to increase the studies of how the human body functions their impression lead a huge impact on the crusaders.


  • Most of the doctor were special priest who learned about human's body but discreet them in their temple


  • Andreas Vesalius- (December 31, 1514 - October 15, 1564) and Leonardo Da Vinci (April 15, 1452 - May 2, 1519) dissected human bodies and made detailed drawings of everything, from muscle structure to the heart, increasing the knowledge of anatomy exponentially, helping physicians to understand where the organs were in the body and start to speculate upon their function.


  • 1626 - William Harvey an specialist with animals, find out how the blood circulates around the body and that the heart has 2 distinct beating halves.This change the perspective view of the doctors, they dropped down their remedy treatment they have use , example is Bloodletting.


  • Ambroise Paré changed surgical practice when he started to use ligatures to stop bleeding, rather than inflict the shock of cauterization upon patients.


  • The invention of the printing press allowed medical knowledge to be shared.


  • First anatomy book by Andreas Vesilus was published.

Pictures and illustrations