Kenya Water Pollution
By: Grace Cummins
Kenya's Water Pollution Situation
The Kenyan population is 44.35 million people and about 17 million people(43%) do not have access to clean water. This has been caused by drought, contamination of clean water, and the high population growth. Nothing has been done about it since the government has not had a want to improve the situation. People in Kenya are constantly dying due to the diseases that come from the pollution. A way to filter the water is needed to improve health and lifestyles in Kenya.
Filtration System No. 1
Heat can be used to filtrate water. This model can be used in any household in Kenya. How it works is when you have gathered unclean water you put it over a fire/ fire-pit in a pot. Let the water heat until it is at a boil.Then let it settle and cool. The boiling of the water will kill any bacteria. Thus making the water safe and clean enough to use. The cost of this to make and keep up with is not much since it involves mostly firewood and rocks to form the pit and then a pot. The only disadvantage to this system is that every time you need clean water which could be several times a week you have to burn a fire to do so. This means for a lot of wood.
Filtration System No. 2
To begin this model there is a pipe that will taken water the river where the people get their water. The water will travel through the tube to the top of a barrel. Inside the barrel there are a few layers of different types of natural resources. The water will flow through the layers of sand,charcoal, and gravel. Then another pipe will take the filtered water and distribute it into a storage tank. The people of Kenya will now have clean water except they will still have to walk a ways to get it. This system does not cost much to build since the materials are very simple. It will also only cost very little to keep it going because you must change out the materials inside the barrel every once in awhile.
In this system there would be a water drain installed at the bottom of a river or pond. The drain would lead the water into a pipe. This pipe would then take the water above ground in an electronic filter. In this part of the system is where all the microorganisms and bacteria would be killed off. Then once it has been purified it flows out into a pipe storing it in a storage unit that can dispense the water when needed by anyone. This model is expensive since it does not involve any natural resources to make it function. The only money spending part would to set up not the upkeep of it. The only negative about it is the price and the long set up of it.