Kidney Stones

Addie Rockers

Cause of kidney stones

Kidney stones form when your urine contains more crystal-forming substances such as calcium, oxalate, and uric acid than the fluid your urine can dilate. The kidney can also lack substances that prevent crystals from sticking together, creating an ideal environment for kidney stones to form.

Body Systems involved

Kidney stones can affect any part of the urinary system - from your kidney to bladder. As kidney stones pass through the urinary tract, they can obstruct urine from excreting the body. If the stones are large they can cause damage to the kidneys while trying to pass it through the body. The average size for passable kidney stones are between 3-5mm.
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Treatment

Drinking water: Drinking at least 2-3 quarts of water a day can help to flush out the urinary system.

Pain relievers: Passing stones may be painful. Doctors may recommend to take medication to control pain.

Surgery: Surgery may be required to retrieve large stones that are unappeasable through the urinary tract.

Prevention

Drink water: Water helps to produce normal amounts of urine and helps to keep the body hydrated.

Low salt intake: Keep the intake of salts low because of the mineral intake that can lead to the stones to form.

Eat fewer oxalate-rich foods: Eating high levels of oxalate can cause an increased chance of getting kidney stones.

Answers

How can you treat kidney stones?

-Drink 2-3 quarts of water daily

The average size for a kidney stone is 3-5mm.

-True

Most kidney stones pass without any medical intervention.

-True