The VIP's of the Middle Ages

William the Conqueror, King John, and Joan of Arc

William the Conqueror

Biographical Info

  • Name: William I, King of England
  • Location: England
  • Birth: 1028 at Falaise, in the French province of Normandy
  • Death: September 9, 1087, at Rouen
  • Ruled From: 1066 to 1087
  • Personality: He was a strong leader, a fine soldier, and a highly capable, intelligent, and determined man

Memorable Moments

  • Significant Battles: The Battle of Hastings (William the Conqueror crossed the English Channel with his Norman knights to defeat his greatest enemy, King Harold II)
  • Other Events: He defeated a series of rebellions by English barons and seized the land of rebels
  • Quote: "Look I have already grasped my Kingdom"
  • Fun Fact: When he was 8 years old, he succeeded his father as ruler of Normandy

Importance

  • Important Decisions: He had to decided whether him and his Norman knights would be a part of the Battle of Hastings, and defeat his enemy Harold, or not
  • Why We Should Care: He had The Domesday Book created, and it is now an invaluable source of historical information (still located in the Public Record Office in London)
  • Greatest Achievements: The creation of the Doomsday book (which helped the king create an accurate central tax system) & being crowned King of England
http://www.youtube.com/watch?edufilter=E-nIA6VrvGA5Avu83FoomA&v=bQ8A5gRe_Dw

King John

Biograhical Info

  • Name: John Lackland
  • Location: England
  • Birth: December 24, 1166, Beaumont Palace
  • Death: October 19, 1216, Newark-on-Trent
  • Ruled From: 1199 to 1216
  • Personality: He was a very short-tempered "villain"

Memorable Moments

  • Significant Battles: Barons' War (English Barons march to London to demand rights which they lay down in the Magna Carta)
  • Other Events: Acceptance of the Magna Carta (Great Charter)
  • Quote: "Mad world! mad kings! mad composition!"
  • Fun Fact: He had been called John "Lackland," because he had nothing when his brothers each had some great dukedom

Importance

  • Important Decisions: Accepting the Magna Carta (If he didn't, he would have been killed)
  • Why We Should Care: This is where the Legend of Robin Hood came from
  • Greatest Achievements: He established the Magna Carta, in which he had to agree not to collect taxes from nobles without their consent or take their property without paying for it
Horrible Histories - King John Online

Joan of Arc

Biographical Info

  • Name: Maid of Orleans
  • Location: France
  • Birth: village of Domremy in 1412
  • Death: May 30th, 1431
  • Personality: She was a highly religious, courageous, and determined woman

Memorable Moments

  • Significant Battles: Battle of Orleans (at age 15, Joan of Arc lead French soldiers in victory over the English at the Battle of Orleans)
  • Other Events: During the 100 Years War, she helped Charles VII become King of France
  • Quote: "Jesus, Jesus, Jesus!"
  • Interesting Fact: Joan of Arc died at the young age of 19, because she was burned at the stake

Importance

  • Important Decisions: Deciding whether or not she should lead the French soldiers in the Battle of Orleans
  • Why We Should Care: Joan of Arc was spoken to by god (she had visions) and is a Catholic saint and a symbol of French patriotism
  • Greatest Achievements: Rousing the French against the English during the Hundred Years War
Horrible Histories - Joan of Arc sketch

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