8.L.1.2 Explain the difference between epidemic and pandemic as it relates to the spread, treatment and prevention of disease.
What is microbiology?
What is outbreak, epidemic, and pandemic?
Epidemic: An outbreak of a disease that affects many people in an area of a specific country or region
Pandemic: An epidemic that spreads over a very large area or throughout the entire world
The difference between an epidemic and a pandemic would be that an epidemic only happens in a specific county or region and a pandemic happens in very large areas and could happen throughout the world. The things that are the same would be it spreads to a lot of people.
- Outbreak: Occurrence of a disease greater than would otherwise be expected at a particular time and place
- Epidemic: An outbreak of a disease that affects many people in an a specific country or region
- Pandemic: An epidemic that spreads over a very large area or throughout the entire world
- Vector: An organism typically an insect, that transmits disease.
- Pathogen: A virus, bacteria, parasite, or protozoa that can cause illness and infection
- Protozoa: Diverse organisms that cannot be classified as animals, plants, or fungi, EX; amoebas and algae
- Virus: A non-living pathogen that can change mutate. It infects a host cell and replicates to cause illness and disease.
- Bacteria: Single-celled prokaryotes that can cause disease. Multiply rapidly and can form colonies