Emperor Penguins

Aptenodytes Forsteri

Introduction

Emperor Penguins are the most well know type of penguin. The emperor penguin is the tallest and heaviest of all living penguin species and is endemic to Antarctica. The male and female are similar in and size, reaching 122 cm in height and weighing from 22 to 45 kg.

About their Appearance

The Emperor Penguin is a very unique Antarctic bird that can't fly, with a black head, back and feet.They also have a black and yellow beak, and a white stomach. Baby Emperor Penguins are born with feathers so the don't freeze to death. When Winter comes Emperor Penguins huddle up to keep warm .

Diet/Feeding

Emperor Penguins eat fish, krill and squid. When the baby penguin is hungry the father throws the food up into it's mouth. An adult penguin eats 2–3 kg per day. Each chick need 42 kg of food from each parent every week. Breeding adults really have to fill up their stomachs before they return to the colony. They need to feed their chicks and the colonies are often a long way from the fishing grounds.

Reproduction

The mother lays the eggs and the father takes care of the egg and protects it while the mother goes out and gets food. They put the heads together to show other penguins they are a couple. The chicks are born in an egg. The baby penguins stand on their mothers feet so the don't fall because the can't walk.

Habitat/Interesting Facts

Emperor Penguins live in Antarctica. They can dive up to 150 to 250 meters but the record for deepest dive is 565 meters. On average dives last for 3-6 minutes but the longest dive on record is 22 minutes. In Antarctica Autumn starts in March. Emperor Penguins use it to slide from once place to another quicker.