Fracking Amazing Mining Pr0j3ct

By Stephen Welsh and Nicholas DeTullio

Types of Mining

Surface Mining:


Strip Mining- Miners remove rock and soil above a layer or seam in the earth. They then start the removal of the exposed material. Strip mining destroys landscapes, forests, and wildlife habitats. The loosened up soil is also at risk of chemical contamination and erosion. This effects the landscape by leaving permeant scars on the land and sediments from it pollute the waterways.



Mountain top removal mining- Miners use explosives to remove 400 ft. of the mountain rock to expose coal seams. This effects the environment because of the major landscape destruction and damage done by the massive trucks.


Open Pit Mining- A technique of removing/extracting material in the earth by creating large open pits dug into the ground. When the rocks are crushed, they exposed radioactive elements and metallic dust. When digging sulferic acids are exposed and create acid rain.

Strip Mining

A video of Strip Mining.

Mountaintop Removal Video (intro)
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Open Pit Mining

Type of Mining

Subsurface Mining:

Slope Mining- Extraction by digging a sloping access shaft into the earth to obtain material such as coal and ore.


Drift Mining- The extraction of an ore by digging a near horizontal passage way in a mine, following the bed or vein of ore. The ores are then accessed by adits driven into the ground near the ore bed.


Shaft Mining- Digging a vertical or near vertical tunnel from the top down to extract the wanted ore.


These mining techniques impact the enviorment around the same way. if not handled properly a sinkhole might form killing animals and plants.

Fracking

Fracking, also known as hydraulic fracturing, is the process of extracting natural gas from shale rocks deep within the earth by injecting highly pressurized Fracking Fluids into the area of shale.


Dangers of Fracking:

Fracking is bad because methane gas and toxic chemicals spill out from the system and contaminate nearby ground water.

The concentrations of methane is 17x higher in drinking-water wells near fracturing sites than that of in normal wells. Due to the leak of chemicals and methane in the water, there can be negative human effects such as sensory, respiratory, and neurological damage due to ingested contaminated water. Not only that, but not all of the fracking fluids used in the process are recovered, and they are non biodegradable and are left to evaporate in open pits in the ground.

Animation of Hydraulic Fracturing (fracking)