Ernest Hemingway

Biography

Ernest Hemingway

Ernest Miller Hemingway was an American author and journalist. His economical and understated style had a strong influence on 20th-century fiction, while his life of adventure and his public image influenced later generations.

Facts

1 Ernest Hemingway was born in Oak Park, Illinois – a suburb of Chicago that has also been home to Edgar Rice Burroughs.

2 Hemingway met J.D. Salinger during World War II. Salinger was fighting with the 12th Infantry Regiment.

3 Hemingway’s memoir A Moveable Feast, about his life in Paris in the 1920s, was not published until 1964.

4 Hemingway’s son, Patrick, worked as a big-game hunter and ran a safari business in Tanzania.

5 Hemingway only wrote one play called The Fifth Column and it is set during the Spanish Civil War.

6 Hemingway was awarded a Bronze Star for his bravery under-fire in World War II when he was a war correspondent.

7 Hemingway left trunks of material in the Paris Ritz in 1928 and did not recover them until 1957.

8 The FBI maintained an open file on Hemingway from World War II onwards.

9 Hemingway’s sister and brother, and also his father committed suicide as well.

10 Ernest Hemingway and his fourth wife Mary are buried in Ketchum’s town cemetery in Idaho.

11. He was born on the 21st of July in 1899 to a doctor, Edmonds Hemingway, and a singer, Grace Hall Hemingway.

12. Hemingway wrote regularly for his high school newspaper, The Trapeze. He mainly wrote humorous articles using the writing style of Ring Lardner.

13. In 1920, Hemingway moved to Toronto Canada, partly because of prohibition being declared in the United States.

14. Hemingway liked to think of writing in terms of competing with other authors living and dead. The one author he said he would never go up against was Leo Tolstoy.

15. Hemingway said the best rules for writing were those he received while working on the Kansas City Star newspaper. Here are the rules: "1. Use short sentences. 2. Use short first paragraphs. 3. Use vigorous English. 4. Be positive, not negative."

16. During WWI, Hemingway drove an ambulance in Italy for the American Red Cross. Later a bomb exploded and he was seriously wounded. His novel, A Farewell to Arms, was based on his time in WWI.

17. Hemingway's novella, The Old Man and the Sea, won the Pulitzer Prize in literature in 1953.

18. Hemingway's picture appeared on a commemorative postage stamp in the United States in 1989 as a part of the Literary Arts series.

19. Hemingway wrote over 8,000 letters during his lifetime.

20. Hemingway's father, sister, brother, and granddaughter all committed suicide.