Breeds of Swine:
Swine Breeds That First Arrived In The United States
The American Landrace is a medium to large breed of domestic pig, white in color, with a long body, fine hair, long snout, and heavy, drooping ears. They are bred for pork production. The American Landrace derives from the Danish Landrace of 1895 Danish origin. In the early 1930s, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) entered into an agreement with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Denmark for the purchase of 24 Danish Landrace to be used for swine research studies, with the stipulation that they would not be commercially propagated as a pure breed. Landrace were subsequently used in numerous comparisons with American breeds.
The American Yorkshire, a breed of domestic pig, is the American version of the Yorkshire pig (now usually known as the English Large White pig), light pink in color, with erect ears, and the most recorded swine breed in the United States. The Yorkshire breed was developed in Yorkshire, England, circa 1761. In 1830, the first Yorkshires were imported to the United States, specifically to Ohio, but because of their slow growth rate, they did not become popular until the late 1940s. At that time, many large Yorkshires were imported from Canada and England for their ruggedness and favored carcasses. The breed then improved rapidly through selection. Today, Yorkshire pigs are found in nearly every American state, with highest populations in Illinois, Indiana,Iowa, Nebraska, and Ohio.
The Chester White is a breed of domestic pig which originated in Chester County, Pennsylvania. It must be an all white pig and medium to long droopy ears in order to be classified as a Chester White. It has to have no other than white hairs in order to be a true Chester White. It was formerly known as the Chester County White. The Chester White was first developed around 1815-1818, using strains of large, white pigs common to the Northeast U.S. and a white boar imported from Bedfordshire. Some historians conjecture that Chinese pigs were also added to the mix.
Ossabaw Island Hog:
The Red Wattle, also called the Red Wattle Hog, is a breed of domestic pig originating in the United States. Named for its red color and distinctive wattles, it is on the critically endangered list of the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy (ALBC). The history of the Red Wattle hog is not clear. They were found again in the late 1960s and early 1970s by H. C. Wengler in East Texas. He wanted to make sure his were unique and useful. About 20 years later, Robert Prentice located another herd of Red Wattle Hogs in East Texas as well. These became the Timberline line of Red Wattles. He also combined his Timberlines with Mr. Wengler's breed to make the Endow Farm Wattle Hogs.