Breeds of Swine:

Swine Breeds That First Arrived In The United States

About Swine:

Nearly 25 million years ago, Swine were found near Asia & in Europe. Their main ancestor was a wild boar, who's skull was found many years ago near Asia, in China. Swine were brought to North America by European settlers. These swine were wild pigs, and then became domesticated, which were then used for their meat, bones, hair, hide, feet, and many more parts. Swine are pets, show animals, and wild monsters, that roam the United States. Approximately, today in the U.S., there are over 60 million swine.

American Landrace:

The American Landrace is a medium to large breed of domestic pig, white in color, with a long body, fine hair, long snout, and heavy, drooping ears. They are bred for pork production. The American Landrace derives from the Danish Landrace of 1895 Danish origin. In the early 1930s, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) entered into an agreement with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Denmark for the purchase of 24 Danish Landrace to be used for swine research studies, with the stipulation that they would not be commercially propagated as a pure breed. Landrace were subsequently used in numerous comparisons with American breeds.

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American Yorkshire:

The American Yorkshire, a breed of domestic pig, is the American version of the Yorkshire pig (now usually known as the English Large White pig), light pink in color, with erect ears, and the most recorded swine breed in the United States. The Yorkshire breed was developed in Yorkshire, England, circa 1761. In 1830, the first Yorkshires were imported to the United States, specifically to Ohio, but because of their slow growth rate, they did not become popular until the late 1940s. At that time, many large Yorkshires were imported from Canada and England for their ruggedness and favored carcasses. The breed then improved rapidly through selection. Today, Yorkshire pigs are found in nearly every American state, with highest populations in Illinois, Indiana,Iowa, Nebraska, and Ohio.

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Chester White:

The Chester White is a breed of domestic pig which originated in Chester County, Pennsylvania. It must be an all white pig and medium to long droopy ears in order to be classified as a Chester White. It has to have no other than white hairs in order to be a true Chester White. It was formerly known as the Chester County White.[1] The Chester White was first developed around 1815-1818, using strains of large, white pigs common to the Northeast U.S. and a white boar imported from Bedfordshire. Some historians conjecture that Chinese pigs were also added to the mix.[2]

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Choctaw Hog:

The Choctaw Hog is a breed of domestic pig historically used byNative Americans. They are now reduced in population to some hundred animals, most of them in the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma. The American Livestock Breeds Conservancy calls the Choctaw Hog's status "critically rare" and says it "is a high conservation priority."[1] These hogs are particularly 120 pounds and are black with occasional white spots. This breed was first brought to Oklahoma, but was then later brought to Texas where it has been known to originate in because they mainly reproduced there.
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Duroc pig is an older breed of American domestic pig that forms the basis for many mixed-breed commercial hogs. Duroc pigs are red, large-framed, medium length, and muscular, with partially drooping ears, and tend to be one of the most aggressive of all the swine breeds. They also have an excellent rate of gain.The breed originated in America, one of several red pig strains which developed around 1800 in New England. It is said to have been named after a famous thoroughbred stallion of the day. The modern Duroc originated circa 1830 from crosses of the Jersey Red and New York's older Duroc. The breed started being used as show hogs around the 1950s. Durocs are used predominantly as sires (boars), and are appreciated for their hardiness and quick but thorough muscle growth.
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Guinea Hog:

The Guinea Hog, also called the Pineywoods Guinea, Guinea Forest Hog, Acorn Eater, and Yard Pig, is a breed of domestic pig originating in the United States. Despite its name, the breed is not from the country Guinea, though the foundation stock is thought to be derived from West Africa. The Guinea Hog ia a rare breed with a black coat, sturdy body, curly tail and upright ears.
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The Hereford, often called the Hereford Hog, is a breed of domestic pig named for its color and pattern, which is similar to that of the Hereford breed of cattle; red with white face. Originating in the United States, the Hereford is a rare variety of swine which was created from a synthesis of Duroc, Poland China, and perhaps some Chester White or Hampshire. It was first developed from 1920 to 1925, and by 1934 the official Hereford registry was opened.
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Ossabaw Island Hog:

Ossabaw Island Hogs are descendants of the Spanish. They have erect ears, long snout,and heavy coates. They originated off the coast of Georgia about 400 years ago.The unique qualities of the Ossabaw Island hogs do not limit their uses for traditional production. Although in the wild they are smaller than other pigs, with pregnant sows weighting less than 100 pounds, Ossabaws grow much larger in captivity. Colors include black, spotted black and white, red and tan.
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Poland China:

The Poland China is a breed of domestic pig, first bred in the Miami Valley, Ohio, United States, in 1816, deriving from many breeds including the Berkshire and Hampshire. It is the oldest American breed of swine. Poland China hogs are typically black, sometimes with 6 white patches, and are known for their large size. Big Bill, the largest hog ever recorded, was a Poland China. Poland Chinas rank highest in U.S. pork production in pounds of hog per sow per year.
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Red Wattle:

The Red Wattle, also called the Red Wattle Hog, is a breed of domestic pig originating in the United States. Named for its red color and distinctive wattles, it is on the critically endangered list of the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy (ALBC). The history of the Red Wattle hog is not clear. They were found again in the late 1960s and early 1970s by H. C. Wengler in East Texas. He wanted to make sure his were unique and useful. About 20 years later, Robert Prentice located another herd of Red Wattle Hogs in East Texas as well. These became the Timberline line of Red Wattles. He also combined his Timberlines with Mr. Wengler's breed to make the Endow Farm Wattle Hogs.

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