STAAR Vocab Words

20 words

1. Johnathon Trumbull Sr.

First person to serve as governor of state before and after Revolutionary War. During the American Revolution he was the only colonial governor who supported the American side; From Connecticut.

2. Tin Pan Alley

The name given to the collection of New York City-centered music publishers and songwriters who dominated the popular music of the United States in the late 1800's and early 1900's.

3. Interstate Commerce Act

1887, a law that made a federal Interstate Commerce Commission to regulate unfair railroad practices.

4. Alfred Thayer Mahan

US Admiral who encouraged the US to strengthen its naval power to become a world power.

5. Ida B. Wells

African-American journalist who led the fight against lynching.

6. Return to Normalcy

Hoardings promise at the election of 1920 saying that everything is going to go back to the way it was before the war.

7. Chicano Mural Movement

Began in the 1960s in Mexican-American barrios throughout the Southwest. Artists began using the walls of city buildings, housing projects, schools, and churches to depict Mexican-American culture.

8. Unemployment Great Depression

Hit industrial cities in the Northeast and Midwest the hardest. Americans at the time saw unemployment and poverty as a sign of personal weakness. Government and charities were not prepared to help the vast number of people needing assistance.

9. Securities and Exchange Commission

Monitors the stock market and enforces laws regulating the sale of stocks and bonds.

10. Court Packing

FDR plan to add up to six new justices to the nine member Supreme Court after the Court had ruled that some New Deal legislation was unconstitutional.

11. Neville Chamberlain

British statesman who as Prime Minister pursued a policy of appeasement toward fascist Germany (1869-1940).

12. George Clemenceau

French Premier who wanted Germany stripped of all weapons and German payments for costs of war. Separate Rhineland to serve as buffer state between France and Germany.

13. Munich Pact

Signed in 1938 between Great Britain, Gemany, and France that gave part of Czechoslovakia to Germany; Chamberlain said it guaranteed "peace in our time".

14. US Office of War Information

Coordinated the release of war news for domestic use, promote patriotism, warn of foreign spies, and attempted to recruit women into war work.

15. Robert Oppenheimer

United States physicist who directed the project at Los Alamos that developed the first atomic bomb (1904-1967).

16. Los Alamos

This is the national laboratory in New Mexico founded during WWII to develop the atomic bomb.

17. Civilian Conservation Corps

Hired young, unemployed people to do restoration projects throughout the country, employed over 3 million people.

18. Emperor Hirohito

Emperor of Japan during WWII. His people viewed him as a god.

19. Vernon J. Baker

United States Army officer who received the Medal of Honor, the highest military award given by the United States Government for his valorous actions during World War II. He was awarded the medal for his actions on April 5-6, 1945 near Viareggio, Italy. Baker was the only living black American World War II veteran of the seven belatedly awarded the Medal of Honor when it was bestowed upon him by President Bill Clinton in 1997.

20. The Beat Generation

Central elements of "Beat" culture include a rejection of mainstream American values, for experimentation with drugs and alternate forms of sexuality, and an interest in Eastern spirituality. Spontaneity in living. Attempt to convey pure emotion. Allen Ginsberg, Kerouac, Carl Sandburg.