Meiosis vs Mitosis
Meiosis is Sexual
Meiosis requires two cells to reproduce. Mitosis is asexual and clones itself.
Meiosis Has 2 Divisions
During mitosis, division occurs twice, resulting in a meiosis I, and a meiosis II. Mitosis has 1 division.
Meiosis Produces Genetically Different Daughter Cells
The point of meiosis is to produce genetically different cells in order for varied reproduction. Mitosis clones itself into the same cell repeatedly so the body can function.
Meiosis Involves Crossing Over
Meiosis uses crossing over during the recombination of genes. Mitosis never involves crossing over because everything is cloned and nothing is modified like meiosis.
MItosis Produces Different Cells
Meiosis produces sex cells (germ cells) and mitosis produces every other cell (somatic or "body" cells).
Meiosis Produces Less Chromosomes
Meiosis comes out with 4 cells with half the beginning number chromosomes each. Mitosis ends with the same amount of cells because it's a cloning of the original cell.
Mitosis Ends with 2 Diploid Cells
Mitosis and meiosis have different daughter cells made, Meiosis has 4 haploids and mitosis has 2 diploid. This is because of the number of chromosomes each process produces like shown above.
- http://www.diffen.com/difference/Meiosis_vs_Mitosis (Info)
- http://biowiki.ucdavis.edu/Textbook_Maps/OpenStax_Biology/3%3A_Genetics/11%3A_Meiosis_and_Sexual_Reproduction/11.2%3A_Sexual_Reproduction (Picture)
- http://schoolbag.info/biology/concepts/58.html (Picture)
- http://study.com/academy/lesson/aneuploidy-definition-disorders-quiz.html (Picture)
- http://cyberbridge.mcb.harvard.edu/mitosis_7.html (Picture)
- http://news.softpedia.com/news/Antisense-RNA-Protects-the-Sex-Cells-41020.shtml (Picture)
- http://bio1511.biology.gatech.edu/module-4-genes-and-genomes/cell-division-mitosis-and-meiosis/ (Picture)
- https://askabiologist.asu.edu/content/cell-division (Picture)